Ann E. Kurth

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A review of 77 studies employing self-report measures of antiretroviral adherence published 1/1996 through 8/2004 revealed great variety in adherence assessment item content, format, and response options. Recall periods ranged from 2 to 365 days (mode=7 days). The most common cutoff for optimal adherence was 100% (21/48 studies, or 44%). In 27 of 34 recall(More)
Concurrent sexual partnerships may help to explain the disproportionately high prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among African Americans. The persistence of such disparities would also require strong assortative mixing by race. We examined descriptive evidence from 4 nationally representative US surveys and found consistent support(More)
IMPORTANCE Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. In 2016, an estimated 134,000 persons will be diagnosed with the disease, and about 49,000 will die from it. Colorectal cancer is most frequently diagnosed among adults aged 65 to 74 years; the median age at death from colorectal cancer is 68 years. OBJECTIVE To(More)
No single HIV prevention strategy will be sufficient to control the HIV pandemic. However, a growing number of interventions have shown promise in partially protecting against HIV transmission and acquisition, including knowledge of HIV serostatus, behavioral risk reduction, condoms, male circumcision, needle exchange, treatment of curable sexually(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether an online intervention reduces references to sex and substance abuse on social networking Web sites among at-risk adolescents. DESIGN Randomized controlled intervention trial. SETTING www.MySpace.com. PARTICIPANTS Self-described 18- to 20-year-olds with public MySpace profiles who met our criteria for being at risk (N =(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that sexual risk behavior would increase following initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Kenyan female sex workers (FSWs). DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING FSW cohort in Mombasa, Kenya, 1993-2008. SUBJECTS Eight hundred and ninety-eight women contributed(More)
The objective of this paper is to characterize effective patient care reminder strategies for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) to improve antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence) using short message service (SMS) based on patient perspectives. We conducted a qualitative study with adult PLWHA in a community-based clinic in Lima, Peru using focus groups.(More)
February 2007 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | e11 HIV is one of the biggest infectious killers worldwide, causing 8,000 deaths a day in 2005 [1]. In Latin America, an estimated 1.8 million people are living with HIV [1], and in 2005, about 66,000 people died of AIDS and 200,000 were newly infected with HIV [1]. In Peru, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has largely been(More)
This study explored perceptions of HIV following local introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART), among 30 HIV-positive and -negative female sex workers (FSWs) and 10 male bar patrons in Mombasa, Kenya. Semi-structured interviews were analyzed qualitatively to identify determinants of sexual risk behaviors. ART was not perceived as a barrier to safer sex(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare reporting between audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) and clinician-administered sexual histories. GOAL The goal of this study was to explore the usefulness of ACASI in sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics. STUDY The authors conducted a cross-sectional study of ACASI followed by a(More)