Ann E. Drummond

Learn More
With the development of a mouse model of estrogen insufficiency due to targeted disruption of the aromatase gene [the aromatase knockout (ArKO) mouse], a new opportunity exists to examine the role of estrogen in ovarian follicular development. Ovaries and serum were collected from wild-type, heterozygous, and ArKO mice at 10-12 and 21-23 weeks and 1 yr of(More)
Despite understanding the molecular basis of activin/TGF beta and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling, this study is the first to characterize multiple, sequential elements of these pathways in the ovary concurrently. The expression of activin/BMP receptor, Smad, and beta glycan mRNAs by postnatal rat ovaries were investigated by real-time PCR.(More)
Peripheral endocrine hormones and local paracrine and autocrine factors contribute, in a coordinated fashion, to the processes of recruitment, development or atresia, selection and ovulation of follicles. Among the local ovarian factors, there is growing evidence from genetic and experimental data that many members of the transforming growth factor(More)
Steroids play a critical role in gonadal differentiation in birds, reptiles, and amphibia whereas gonadal differentiation in mammals is thought to be determined by genetic mechanisms. The gonads of female mice incapable of synthesizing estrogens due to disruption of the aromatase gene (ArKO) provide a unique model to test the role of estrogen in regulating(More)
The steroidogenic pathway within the ovary gives rise to progestins, androgens and oestrogens, all of which act via specific nuclear receptors to regulate reproductive function and maintain fertility. The role of progestins in follicular growth and development is limited, its action confined largely to ovulation, although direct effects on granulosa cell(More)
We tested the hypothesis that ERalpha and ERbeta mRNAs in the rat ovary are regulated during the post-natal period and in immature rats in response to estrogen treatment. Total ovarian ERbeta mRNA was more abundant than ERalpha mRNA and expression of ERbeta increased between post-natal days 4 and 12, coinciding with advancing folliculogenesis and an(More)
The development of a normal ovary during foetal life is essential for the production and ovulation of a high-quality oocyte in adult life. Early in embryogenesis, the primordial germ cells (PGCs) migrate to and colonise the genital ridges. Once the PGCs reach the bipotential gonad, the absence of the sex-determining region on the Y chromosome (SRY) gene and(More)
Targeted disruption of exon 9 of the cyp19 gene gives rise to a non-functional aromatase enzyme incapable of converting androgens to oestrogens. The aromatase knockout (ArKO) mouse is, thus, characterised by a dysfunctional pituitary-gonadal axis, which manifests in non-detectable levels of oestrogen in serum. These mice also exhibit elevated levels of(More)
The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily comprises more than 40 members, classified on the basis of structural similarity. These factors elicit a diverse range of cellular responses in insects, nematodes and vertebrates, via serine/threonine kinase receptors and intracellular Smad proteins, which when activated mediate gene transcription.(More)
Decidualization of the human endometrium is critical for implantation, but the mechanisms involved are largely unknown. Activin subunits are expressed in endometrium during decidualization. From its known actions in cell differentiation and tissue remodelling, we hypothesized that activin A is involved in the paracrine regulation of decidualization. We(More)