Ann E Aulabaugh

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The fluorescence-based thermal shift assay is a general method for identification of inhibitors of target proteins from compound libraries. Using an environmentally sensitive fluorescent dye to monitor protein thermal unfolding, the ligand-binding affinity can be assessed from the shift of the unfolding temperature (Delta Tm) obtained in the presence of(More)
Nogo receptor (NgR)-mediated control of axon growth relies on the central nervous system-specific type I transmembrane protein Lingo-1. Interactions between Lingo-1 and NgR, along with a complementary co-receptor, result in neurite and axonal collapse. In addition, the inhibitory role of Lingo-1 is particularly important in regulation of oligodendrocyte(More)
Gangliosides are key players in neuronal inhibition, with antibody-mediated clustering of gangliosides blocking neurite outgrowth in cultures and axonal regeneration post injury. In this study we show that the ganglioside GT1b can form a complex with the Nogo-66 receptor NgR1. The interaction is shown by analytical ultracentrifugation sedimentation and is(More)
The nadD gene, encoding the enzyme nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NaMN) adenylyltransferase (AT), is essential for the synthesis of NAD and subsequent viability of the cell. The nadD gene in Bacillus subtilis (yqeJ) was identified by sequence homology with other bacterial nadD genes and by biochemical characterization of the gene product. NaMN AT catalyzes(More)
Human acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase), a member of the family 18 glycosyl hydrolases, is one of the important proteins involved in Th2-mediated inflammation and has been implicated in asthma and allergic diseases. Inhibition of AMCase results in decreased airway inflammation and airway hyper-responsiveness in a mouse asthma model, suggesting that the(More)
Protein kinase C theta (PKCtheta), a member of the Ca(2+)-independent novel subfamily of PKCs, is required for T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling and IL2 production. PKCtheta-deficient mice have impaired Th2 responses in a murine ova-induced asthma model, while Th1 responses are normal. As an essential component of the TCR signaling complex, PKCtheta is a(More)
BACE1 is an aspartyl protease responsible for cleaving amyloid precursor protein to liberate Abeta, which aggregates leading to plaque deposits implicated in Alzheimer's disease. We have identified small-molecule acylguanidine inhibitors of BACE1. Crystallographic studies show that these compounds form unique hydrogen-bonding interactions with the catalytic(More)
Peptide analogs of neuropeptide Y (NPY) with a Tyr-32 and Leu-34 replacement resulted in the decapeptide TyrIleAsnLeuIleTyrArgLeuArgTyr-NH2 (9; Table 1) and a 3700-fold improvement in affinity at Y2 (rat brain; IC50 = 8.2 +/- 3 nM) receptors when compared to the native NPY(27-36) C-terminal fragment. In addition, compound 9 was an agonist at Y1 (human(More)
Vanin-1 is a pantetheinase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of pantetheine to produce pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and cysteamine. Reported here is a highly sensitive fluorescent assay using a novel fluorescently labeled pantothenate derivative. The assay has been used for characterization of a soluble version of human vanin-1 recombinant protein,(More)
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) plays a central role in signal transduction pathways regulating survival, activation, proliferation, and differentiation of B-lineage lymphoid cells. A number of cell signaling studies clearly show that Btk is activated by Lyn, a Src family kinase, through phosphorylation on activation loop tyrosine 551 (Y(551)). However, the(More)