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Agrobacterium tumefaciens is the preferred method for transformation of a wide range of plant species. Commonly, the genes to be transferred are cloned between the left and right T-DNA borders of so-called binary T-DNA vectors that can replicate both in E. coli and Agrobacterium. Because these vectors are generally large, cloning can be time-consuming and(More)
Over the past decade, several high value proteins have been produced in different transgenic plant tissues such as leaves, tubers, and seeds. Despite recent advances, many heterologous proteins accumulate to low concentrations, and the optimization of expression cassettes to make in planta production and purification economically feasible remains critical.(More)
The freeze thaw transfection procedure of Dityatkin et al. (1972) was adapted for the transfection and transformation of A. tumefaciens. Transfection of the strains B6S3 and B6-6 with DNA of the temperate phage PS8cc186 yielded a maximum frequency of 2 10(-7) transfectants per total recipient population. In transformation of the strain GV3100 with the P(More)
This study aimed at determining whether transgene expression variability is observed in single-copy T-DNA plants and whether it can be correlated with the T-DNA integration position. Among a population of 135 Arabidopsis thaliana transformants, selected on the basis of antibiotic resistance marker expression, 21 single-copy T-DNA transformants were(More)
Seed-specific expression is an appealing alternative technology for the production of recombinant proteins in transgenic plants. Whereas attractive yields of recombinant proteins have been achieved by this method, little attention has been paid to the intracellular deposition and the quality of such products. Here, we demonstrate a comparative study of two(More)
The DNA sequence of the nopaline synthase gene (nos) from Agrobacterium tumefaciens Ti plasmid pTiT37 and adjacent regions up to the right border of the T-DNA was determined. The 5' and 3' termini of the polyadenylated nos mRNA, isolated from a T37 tobacco teratoma tumor line, were localized by S1 mapping. The final mRNA is unspliced, encoded by a region of(More)
To analyse experimentally the correlation between transgene silencing and the presence of an inverted repeat in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants, expression of the beta-glucuronidase (gus) gene was studied when present as a convergently transcribed inverted repeat or as a single copy in otherwise isogenic lines. In transformants containing two(More)
Production of high-value recombinant proteins in transgenic seeds is an attractive and economically feasible alternative to conventional systems based on mammalian cells and bacteria. In contrast to leaves, seeds allow high-level accumulation of recombinant proteins in a relatively small volume and a stable environment. We demonstrate that single-chain(More)
Basic and applied research involving transgenic plants often requires consistent high-level expression of transgenes. However, high inter-transformant variability of transgene expression caused by various phenomena, including gene silencing, is frequently observed. Here, we show that stable, high-level transgene expression is obtained using Arabidopsis(More)