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OBJECTIVE To assess the association between protease inhibitor (PI) use and the incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among participants in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. DESIGN Prospective multicenter cohort study. The diagnosis of DM was based on self-report at semiannual interviews conducted from 1994 to 1998. SETTING Six inner-city clinical sites(More)
Tumors of mesenchymal and epithelial origin produce IGF-2, which activates pathways in the tumors. In a minority of patients, the tumors (hepatomas, fibromas, and fibrosarcomas are the most common among many) release into the circulation enough IGF-2-related peptides to mimic the fasting hypoglycemia characteristic of patients with insulin-producing(More)
In a family encompassing three generations, six of 11 evaluated members have two or three elements of a triad comprising adrenocortical micronodular dysplasia, mucocutaneous lentigines, and cardiac myxomas. Evaluation of the adrenals in affected members revealed characteristic pathologic lesions of micronodular adrenal hyperplasia and(More)
In recent years, a number of investigators have studied the relationship between IGF-I and risk of developing cancer, diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Upper tertile, quartile, and quintile IGF-Is were associated with higher risk of developing cancer, and lowest quartile with cardiac disease and diabetes. As part of a study to correlate serum IGF-Is and(More)
P19, a group of 19,000 mol wt cytosolic proteins, with apparent isoelectric points of pI 5.9, pI 5.7, and pI 5.4, respectively, was identified in three peptide hormone-producing cell types: AtT20 mouse pituitary tumor cells, RIN-1122 rat insulinoma cells, and hamster insulinoma cells. Secretagogue-dependent phosphorylation of P19 was analyzed in 32P-labeled(More)
Somatostatin (SRIF) is a 14-amino acid peptide hormone that is present in pancreatic islets and the brain where it is synthesized as a larger precursor, preprosomatostatin. In pancreatic islets of the anglerfish (Lophius americanus), there are two separate precursors, preproSRIF I and preproSRIF II, which give rise to SRIF-14 or an N-terminally extended(More)
BACKGROUND Asians have a higher prevalence of both diabetes (diabetes mellitus) and chronic hepatitis B virus infection compared to Caucasians. The aim of this study was to investigate whether hepatitis B virus infection was associated with diabetes mellitus among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. METHODS We reviewed the electronic medical records of(More)
Acromegaly is a debilitating disease usually caused by a growth-hormone secreting pituitary adenoma. Therapeutic goals include improvement of symptoms, reduction in tumor mass, biochemical normalization, and preservation of pituitary function. Treatment options include transsphenoidal surgery, radiation, and pharmacotherapy. In view of the good cure rate,(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of rosiglitazone on survival in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS We carried out a drug-exposure analysis in 801 patients with DM and CAD in a cardiac catheterization laboratory registry (490 patients treated with a percutaneous coronary(More)