Ann-Christine Eklöf

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Recent reports have shown that low birth weight infants have a higher incidence of adult hypertension. These observations have stimulated a number of studies designed to evaluate the mechanisms of this phenomenon. In this study, fetal growth retardation was induced by treating pregnant rats with dexamethasone. After birth, pups whose mothers were treated(More)
The development and progression of diabetic nephropathy is dependent on glucose homeostasis and many other contributing factors. In the present study, we examined the effect of nitecapone, an inhibitor of the dopamine-metabolizing enzyme catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) and a potent antioxidant, on functional and cellular determinants of renal function(More)
BACKGROUND Although prolactin affects sodium and water transport across the plasma membrane and interacts with dopamine in the brain, its role in the kidney is unclear. Here we examined the effect of prolactin and its possible interaction with the intrarenal natriuretic hormone dopamine, on proximal tubular Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity in vitro and renal(More)
Dopamine is a natriuretic hormone that acts by inhibiting tubular Na+, K(+)-ATPase activity by activation of the dopamine-1 receptor (the thick ascending limb [TAL] of Henle) or by a synergistic effect of dopamine-1 and dopamine-2 receptors (the proximal tubule). The dopamine-1 receptor is coupled to adenylate cyclase. In this article we show that(More)
Catecholamines have pronounced effects on the renal handling of sodium and water, dopamine-promoting sodium and water excretion, and norepinephrine-promoting sodium and water retention. In the present study, using isolated permeabilized renal tubule cells and intact rats, we have shown that these effects can be attributed to opposing actions of these(More)
Net colonic sodium and fluid absorption is higher in suckling and weanling rats than in adult rats. This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanisms behind these differences. In vivo perfusion of the colon was performed in 14- to 80-day-old rats. Net Na and water uptake decreased exponentially from 14 to 80 days of age. Na uptake was 402 +/- 73(More)
The coupling between the Na+/glucose cotransporter and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase (NKA) described for epithelial cells (1) prompted us to study in rats with streptozocin-induced diabetes the effect of increased tubular glucose load on tubular Na+ reabsorption, NKA-dependent O2 consumption (QO2), and NKA activity. Filtered glucose is mainly reabsorbed in the proximal(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of sodium excretion are incompletely known. Here we propose a general model for a bi-directional control of tubular sodium transporters by natriuretic and antinatriuretic factors. The model is based on experimental data from studies on the regulation of the activity of Na+,K+-ATPase, the enzyme that(More)
The zeta subunit of the CD3 T-cell receptor complex and the major histocompatibility complex class 1 (MHC-I) are important not only for the immune response to antigens, they also function as signal molecules in the brain, where they play a role in the postnatal maturation process. The expression of these molecules can be regulated by cytokines. In(More)
Childhood pyelonephritis is a common cause of renal cortical scarring and hypoplastic kidneys. To understand the mechanisms underlying the cortical lesions, urinary tract infection was induced in three-week-old rats by an intravesical infusion of E. coli, type 06 K13 HL a rat nephropathogenic strain. Four days after infection, histopathological examination(More)