Learn More
BACKGROUND Although prolactin affects sodium and water transport across the plasma membrane and interacts with dopamine in the brain, its role in the kidney is unclear. Here we examined the effect of prolactin and its possible interaction with the intrarenal natriuretic hormone dopamine, on proximal tubular Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity in vitro and renal(More)
Recent reports have shown that low birth weight infants have a higher incidence of adult hypertension. These observations have stimulated a number of studies designed to evaluate the mechanisms of this phenomenon. In this study, fetal growth retardation was induced by treating pregnant rats with dexamethasone. After birth, pups whose mothers were treated(More)
Dopamine is a natriuretic hormone that acts by inhibiting tubular Na+, K(+)-ATPase activity by activation of the dopamine-1 receptor (the thick ascending limb [TAL] of Henle) or by a synergistic effect of dopamine-1 and dopamine-2 receptors (the proximal tubule). The dopamine-1 receptor is coupled to adenylate cyclase. In this article we show that(More)
Catecholamines have pronounced effects on the renal handling of sodium and water, dopamine-promoting sodium and water excretion, and norepinephrine-promoting sodium and water retention. In the present study, using isolated permeabilized renal tubule cells and intact rats, we have shown that these effects can be attributed to opposing actions of these(More)
Net colonic sodium and fluid absorption is higher in suckling and weanling rats than in adult rats. This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanisms behind these differences. In vivo perfusion of the colon was performed in 14- to 80-day-old rats. Net Na and water uptake decreased exponentially from 14 to 80 days of age. Na uptake was 402 +/- 73(More)
The enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), which plays an important role for dopamine metabolism, is abundantly expressed in the kidney. To test whether the natriuretic effects of dopamine may be related to the rate of dopamine metabolism, rats were treated with nitecapone, a peripheral inhibitor of COMT. Nitecapone, given by gavage, induced a highly(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of sodium excretion are incompletely known. Here we propose a general model for a bi-directional control of tubular sodium transporters by natriuretic and antinatriuretic factors. The model is based on experimental data from studies on the regulation of the activity of Na+,K+-ATPase, the enzyme that(More)
The development and progression of diabetic nephropathy is dependent on glucose homeostasis and many other contributing factors. In the present study, we examined the effect of nitecapone, an inhibitor of the dopamine-metabolizing enzyme catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) and a potent antioxidant, on functional and cellular determinants of renal function(More)
The capacity to concentrate urine develops progressively during postnatal life in most mammalian species. Here we have examined whether low expression of the arginine vasopressin (AVP)-activated water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) may be a limiting factor for the concentrating capacity in the infant rats. Urine osmolality in response to 24-h dehydration(More)
The use of99mtechnetium dimercaptosuccinic acid (99mTc-DMSA) scintigraphy for the early diagnosis of pyelonephritis has been evaluated in a study performed on adolescent female Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to an ascendingEscherichia coli infection. The rats were studied with DMSA scintigraphy either before and 5 days after the infection or 5 and 28 days(More)