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The H-rev107 gene is a new class II tumor suppressor, as defined by its reversible downregulation and growth-inhibiting capacity in HRAS transformed cell lines. Overexpression of the H-rev107 cDNA in HRAS-transformed ANR4 hepatoma cells or in FE-8 fibroblasts resulted in 75% reduction of colony formation. Cell populations of H-rev107 transfectants showed an(More)
We report the fate of different derivatives of the vitellogenin genes after injection into fertilized eggs of Xenopus. We injected a constructed minigene as well as a 5' fragment of the A2 vitellogenin gene. The minigene survives in embryogenesis much better than the 5' A2 fragment and is retained more frequently and at a higher level in frog tissues. The(More)
The mammary gland life cycle is exemplified by massive, physiologically dictated changes in cell number and composition, architecture, and functionality. These drastic upheavals, by necessity, also involve the mammary endothelium, which undergoes angiogenic expansion during pregnancy and lactation followed by ordered regression during involution. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Axl, a member of a family of receptor tyrosine kinases characterized by an extracellular domain resembling cell adhesion molecules and an intracellular conserved tyrosine kinase domain has been reported to induce cell proliferation and transformation. In mice, axl is expressed in the normal mammary gland and over-expressed in aggressive mammary(More)
Stress induces the synthesis of several large and small heat shock proteins (hsp's). Two related small hsp's, hsp25 and alpha B crystallin exist in mice. alpha B crystallin is an abundant protein in several tissues even in the absence of stress. Particularly high amounts accumulate in the eye lens. Here we show that hsp25 is likewise constitutively(More)
The methylation-sensitive restriction enzymes Hha I and Hpa II were used to analyze the methylation pattern of four Xenopus laevis genes in DNA of embryos, of erythrocytes, and of untreated and estrogen-treated hepatocytes. Within these four genes all sites tested are fully modified in embryonic DNA. However, the adult beta 1-globin gene is unmethylated in(More)
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