Ann Carroll Klassen

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In 21 patients who suffered aphasia resulting from left hemisphere ischemic infarction, the xenon 133 inhalation cerebral blood flow technique was used to measure cerebral blood flow within 3 months and 5 to 12 months after stroke. In addition to baseline measurements, cerebral blood flow measurements were also carried out while the patients were performing(More)
To study the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) correlates of auditory processing, we performed rCBF measurements in young, normal right-handed volunteers engaged in listening tasks. Using the xenon Xe 133 inhalation technique, rCBF was measured in 11 regions in each hemisphere. Compared with a baseline condition, significant rCBF increases in the left(More)
Background: Spatial variation in patterns of disease outcomes is often explored with techniques such as cluster detection analysis. In other types of investigations, geographically varying individual or community level characteristics are often used as independent predictors in statistical models which also attempt to explain variation in disease outcomes.(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of geography as a source of variation in health research continues to receive sustained attention in the literature. The inclusion of geographic information in such research often begins by adding data to a map which is predicated by some knowledge of location. A precise level of spatial information is conventionally achieved(More)
BACKGROUND Although social integration is a well-established influence on health, less is known about how the specific types of social connection (social roles, social networks, and social support) influence knowledge, attitudes, and practices for specific prevention goals, and how to utilize these influences in interventions with priority populations. This(More)
Respiratory rates and patterns were studied in 23 patients with acute brain stem infarction using impedance pneumography. Autopsy was obtained in six of eight fatal cases. Pontine lesions were present in all patients, with coexistent infarction of midbrain in four and of medulla in nine. Respiratory rate and pattern abnormalities observed included(More)
The effect of experimentally induced acute renal failure (ARF) on neuronal cell activation was investigated by immunohistochemistry for Fos and Fra-2 in the rat brain. ARF in rats was induced by bilateral nephrectomy (BNX), bilateral ureter ligature (BUL) and uranyl acetate injection with proper controls (sham-operation or saline injections, respectively).(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to establish neighborhood built environment correlates of adiposity as measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The utility and methodological gains of using this measure for built environment research was further investigated by comparing model fit across parallel models on BMI z-scores and waist(More)
BACKGROUND Spatial global clustering tests can be used to evaluate the geographical distribution of health outcomes. The power of several of these tests has been evaluated and compared using simulated data, but their performance using real unadjusted data and data adjusted for individual- and area-level covariates has not been reported previously.We(More)