Ann C. Smigocki

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The cytokinin gene, isopentenyl transferase (ipt), was placed under the control of a heat-inducible promoter from the Drosophila melanogaster hsp70 gene and introduced into Nicotiana plumbaginifolia by cocultivation with Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Transformants were analyzed for organ-specific expression, cytokinin levels and effects on plant development(More)
The isopentenyltransferase (ipt) gene associated with cytokinin biosynthesis in plants was cloned from a tumor-inducing plasmid carried by Agrobacterium tumefaciens and placed under the control of promoters of differing activities, the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter and the nopaline synthase promoter. These promoter-gene constructs were introduced(More)
Two different methods for sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) transformation were developed, one using Agrobacterium with excised cotyledons, the other, particle bombardment of embryogenic hypocotyl callus. Transformation efficiencies averaged 0.7% for the Agrobacterium method (number of transgenic plants obtained per treated cotyledon) and about 8% for the(More)
Salinity limits crop productivity, in part by decreasing shoot concentrations of the growth-promoting and senescence-delaying hormones cytokinins. Since constitutive cytokinin overproduction may have pleiotropic effects on plant development, two approaches assessed whether specific root-localized transgenic IPT (a key enzyme for cytokinin biosynthesis) gene(More)
ABSTRACT Digestive cysteine proteinases have been isolated from plant-parasitic nematodes as well as coleopteran and hemipteran insects. Phytocystatins, inhibitors of cysteine proteinases, are found in a number of plants where they may play a role in defense against pathogens and pests. The cDNAs of the phytocystatins from rice, oryzacystatin I (OC-I) and(More)
Root responses to insect pests are an area of plant defense research that lacks much information. We have identified more than 150 sugar beet root ESTs enriched for genes responding to sugar beet root maggot feeding from both moderately resistant, F1016, and susceptible, F1010, genotypes using suppressive subtractive hybridization. The largest number of(More)
Tissues transformed with the isopentenyl transferase (ipt) gene cloned from the T-DNA region of the Ti plasmid or with the ipt gene placed under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S-ipt) were analyzed for auxin and cytokinin. Free and total indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) levels in 35S-ipt-transformed Nicotiana tabacum and cucumber cells(More)
To gain knowledge of root resistance mechanisms in sugar beet, Beta vulgaris L., our laboratory has been studying the interaction of sugar beet with its most devastating insect pest, the sugar beet root maggot (SBRM; Tetanops myopaeformis Roder). Damage from SBRM infestations is a serious problem and current control measures rely on environmentally damaging(More)
Since plant root systems capture both water and nutrients essential for the formation of crop yield, there has been renewed biotechnological focus on root system improvement. Although water and nutrient uptake can be facilitated by membrane proteins known as aquaporins and nutrient transporters, respectively, there is a little evidence that root-localised(More)
The expression of a bacterial cytokinin biosynthesis gene (PI-II-ipt) in Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viviani plants has been correlated with enhanced resistance to Manduca sexta and Myzus persicae. We expressed the PI-II-ipt gene in N. tabacum and Lycopersicon esculentum and observed similar antifeedent effects with the transgenic tobacco but not tomato. A 30(More)