Ann C. Price

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Alpha-synuclein (alpha-Syn) is enriched in nerve terminals. Two mutations in the alpha-Syn gene (Ala53--> Thr and Ala30--> Pro) occur in autosomal dominant familial Parkinson's disease. Mice overexpressing the human A53T mutant alpha-Syn develop a severe movement disorder, paralysis, and synucleinopathy, but the mechanisms are not understood. We examined(More)
The mechanisms of human mutant superoxide dismutase-1 (mSOD1) toxicity to motor neurons (MNs) are unresolved. We show that MNs in G93A-mSOD1 transgenic mice undergo slow degeneration lacking similarity to apoptosis structurally and biochemically. It is characterized by somal and mitochondrial swelling and formation of DNA single-strand breaks prior to(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease of motor neurons (MNs) that causes paralysis. Some forms of ALS are inherited, caused by mutations in the superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) gene. The mechanisms of human mutant SOD1 (mSOD1) toxicity to MNs are unresolved. Mitochondria in MNs might be key sites for ALS pathogenesis, but(More)
DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism for gene silencing engaged by DNA methyltransferase (Dnmt)-catalyzed methyl group transfer to cytosine residues in gene-regulatory regions. It is unknown whether aberrant DNA methylation can cause neurodegeneration. We tested the hypothesis that Dnmts can mediate neuronal cell death. Enforced expression of Dnmt3a(More)
The mechanisms for motor neuron degeneration and regeneration in adult spinal cord following axotomy and target deprivation are not fully understood. We used a unilateral sciatic nerve avulsion model in adult rats to test the hypothesis that retrograde degeneration of motor neurons resembles apoptosis. By 21 days postlesion, the number of large motor(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and CT examinations were performed in nine patients with surgically proven craniopharyngioma. Computed tomography was found to be superior to MR in detection of calcification and cyst formation. Extent of involvement of adjacent structures (e.g., optic chiasm, third ventricle, and intracavernous carotid artery) was more(More)
The beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthases are key regulators of type II fatty acid synthesis and are the targets for two natural products, thiolactomycin (TLM) and cerulenin. The high resolution structures of the FabB-TLM and FabB-cerulenin binary complexes were determined. TLM mimics malonyl-ACP in the FabB active site. It forms strong(More)
PURPOSE To assess the efficacy and safety profile of high-dose (0.3 mmol/kg cumulative dose) gadoteridol in patients with suspected central nervous system metastatic disease. METHODS We studied 67 patients using an incremental-dose technique. Patient monitoring included a medical history, physical examination, vital signs, and extensive laboratory tests(More)
Forty-two patients with the clinical diagnosis of multiple sclerosis were examined by proton magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 0.5 T. An extensive protocol was used to facilitate a comparison of the efficacy of different pulse techniques. Results were also compared in 39 cases with high-resolution x-ray computed tomography (CT). MRI revealed(More)
The mechanisms for neurodegeneration after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in newborns are not understood. We tested the hypothesis that striatal neuron death is necrosis and evolves with oxidative stress and selective organelle damage. Piglets ( approximately 1 week old) were used in a model of hypoxia-asphyxia and survived for 3, 6, 12, or 24 h. Neuronal death was(More)