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Spatial scan statistics are widely used for count data to detect geographical disease clusters of high or low incidence, mortality or prevalence and to evaluate their statistical significance. Some data are ordinal or continuous in nature, however, so that it is necessary to dichotomize the data to use a traditional scan statistic for count data. There is(More)
BACKGROUND Low- and no-cost mammography programs have become a widespread strategy to increase access to breast cancer screening in low-income populations. However, rigorous evaluations of who remains unscreened in communities with these programs are lacking. We conducted a case-control study of African American older women in East Baltimore, Maryland,(More)
BACKGROUND Many Korean-American women (KAW) are unaware of the importance of regular cancer screening. This research estimates rates and examines predictors of regular cervical cancer screening among KAW. METHODS Face-to-face surveys were conducted with 459 KAW residing in Maryland. Study participants were recruited through Korean churches and senior(More)
OBJECTIVES We used population-based survey data to estimate the prevalence of self-reported racism across racial/ethnic groups and to evaluate the association between self-reported racism and cancer-related health behaviors. METHODS We used cross-sectional data from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey. Questions measured self-reported racism in(More)
Obesity results from a complex interaction between diet, physical activity, and the environment. The built environment encompasses a range of physical and social elements that make up the structure of a community and may influence obesity. This review summarizes existing empirical research relating the built environment to obesity. The Medline, PsychInfo,(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA) class, as a measure of comorbidity in comparison to the commonly used Charlson index for prognostic ability in a HNCA population. METHODS Proportional hazards methods were applied to head and neck cancer patients whose treatment included surgery by the Johns Hopkins Otolaryngology(More)
INTRODUCTION Breast cancer in women has historically been seen as a "cancer of affluence" and there is a well-documented higher incidence among women of higher social class, as well as in societies with higher resources. However, the relationship between social class and breast cancer disease characteristics, especially those associated with poorer(More)
Respiratory Pattern Disturbances in Ischemic Cerebral Vascular Disease • Impedance pneumography was used to monitor respiratory rates and patterns in 49 patients with acute ischemic cerebral vascular disease. Nine patients had clinical evidence of bilateral ischemic cerebral disease. In one of these, normal respiratory pattern was present at all times; in(More)
In 21 patients who suffered aphasia resulting from left hemisphere ischemic infarction, the xenon 133 inhalation cerebral blood flow technique was used to measure cerebral blood flow within 3 months and 5 to 12 months after stroke. In addition to baseline measurements, cerebral blood flow measurements were also carried out while the patients were performing(More)