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A nonpharmacological method can be an alternative or complement to analgesics.The aim of this study was to evaluate if music medicine influences pain and anxiety in children undergoing lumbar punctures. A randomized clinical trial was used in 40 children (aged 7-12 years) with leukemia, followed by interviews in 20 of these participants. The participants(More)
BACKGROUND Nurses in hypertension care play an important role in minimising the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, but this care can be improved. AIM To evaluate the content of nurses' consultations with hypertensive patients before and after consultation training. METHODS Nineteen nurses from a randomised study of nurse-led hypertension clinics(More)
AIM To describe various symptoms other than pain among consecutive patients on the waiting list for possible coronary revascularisation in relation to estimated severity of chest pain. DESIGN All patients were sent a postal questionnaire for symptom evaluation. SUBJECTS All patients in western Sweden on the waiting list in September 1990 who had been(More)
The aim of this study was to increase patients' adherence to the treatment of hypertension through the consultation training of nurses. Thirty-three nurses were included in the study. In the intervention group (IG), 19 nurses took part in a 3-day residential training course on the Stages of Change model, Motivational Interviewing and guidelines for(More)
Terminal complement complex (TCC) and anaphylatoxin formation in 18 patients with sepsis and 20 patients with acute limb ischemia were studied before the start of treatment and seven days later. The septic or ischemic patients had elevated levels of plasma TCC before start of therapy. In successfully treated patients these concentrations were within the(More)
BACKGROUND In assisting the nurse's counselling on lifestyle changes in hypertension care a behaviour model can be used. AIM To analyse the effects of nurses' training on the use of the stages of change model when counselling hypertensive patients to perform lifestyle changes. METHODS As part of a randomised, controlled trial, 19 nurses belonging to the(More)
AIM To describe the occurrence of death, development of acute myocardial infarction and need for hospitalization among patients on the waiting list for coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS All the patients on the waiting list for possible coronary revascularization in September 1990 in(More)
Complement activation and anaphylatoxin formation were studied in 28 patients undergoing aortic reconstructive surgery under general anaesthesia. In 12 of the patients an extradural catheter was placed in the L1-2 space and 2% mepivacaine was injected until blockade reached the T4 level. The remaining 16 patients were operated upon under general anaesthesia(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the biologically active complement peptides C3a and C5a are formed in pregnancy and whether amniotic fluid can activate complement. C3a and C5a are formed when complement is activated. They increase smooth-muscle contraction, vascular permeability, and histamine release from mast cells and basophils. Thirty(More)
This study describes the outcome in terms of health-related quality of life (QL) five years after onset of symptoms in 397 patients with an initial suspicion of acute myocardial infarction (MI) but in whom the diagnosis was not confirmed. The patients were approached by means of a postal inquiry that comprised two questionnaires. The most pronounced(More)