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The aim of the study was to assess the effect of pasteurisation, as set by the European regulation EC 1774/2002, on selected pathogens and indicator organisms. Unpasteurised substrate (biowaste), including animal by-products from a full-scale biogas plant was heat treated under laboratory conditions at 70 degrees C and 55 degrees C for 30 min and 60 min.(More)
In Sweden, full-scale, commercial biogas plants (BGP), which process low-risk animal waste, operate a separate pre-pasteurisation at 70 degrees C for 60 min as required by EEC regulation 1774/2002. The purpose of this study was to establish if, during pasteurisation and further processing and handling in full-scale BGPs, pathogens in biowaste could be(More)
This study surveyed the presence of bacterial pathogens in eight Swedish sewage treatment plants (STPs), with four different treatment methods, focusing on detection of zoonotic bacteria in raw and treated sludge. Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, Campylobacter coli and jejuni, Escherichia coli O157 and indicator bacteria were investigated. Samplings(More)
Faecal sludge has the potential to be used as a sustainable fertiliser in agriculture, but the sludge must be sanitised due to its content of pathogenic microorganisms. The intrinsic ammonia from the urine may be sufficient for sanitisation of the sludge if it is not too diluted by flush water or lost by ventilation. To evaluate the potential for this(More)
No efficient, reliable, and scale independent disinfection methods for toilet waste are available today for safe recycling of plant nutrients. Therefore, two chemical treatment methods, addition of urea or of PAA (a quaternary mixture of 15% peracetic acid, 15% hydrogen peroxide and 30% acetic acid), were evaluated for disinfection of faecal(More)
  • A Albihn
  • 2001
Biowaste from the food chain is of potential benefit to use in agriculture. Agriculture in general and organic farming in particular needs alternative plant nutrients. However, the quality concerning hygiene and soil contaminants must be assured. This recycling has to be regulated in a way that harmful effects on soil, vegetation, animals and man are(More)
  • A Albihn
  • 1991
Seventeen virgin heifers (VH) and 14 repeat breeder heifers (RBH) were inseminated in spontaneous oestrus during a total of 86 oestrous cycles. Pregnancy was checked either by non-surgical embryo collections 14 or 17 days after ovulation or by real time ultrasonography 20-26 days after ovulation. The two categories of heifers were compared with respect to(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate if complement contributes to opsonic activity in the uterine secretions of mares with normal reproductive functions. Five mares with a mean age of 9 years were used in the study. The mares were considered to be free of endometritis based upon clinical history, palpation per rectum and ultrasonogaraphy of the(More)
A novel xenogeneic transplantation approach was used to determine whether it is embryonic or maternal tissue that produces the material that gives rise to the mucin-like glycoprotein of the equine embryonic capsule. Endometrial biopsy samples and conceptuses from six mares at days 13-15 after ovulation were prepared as 1 mm(3) grafts of endometrium,(More)