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The LinGO (Linguistic Grammars Online) project's English Resource Grammar and the LKB grammar development environment are language resources which are freely available for download for any purpose, including commercial use (see http://lingo.stanford.edu). Executable programs and source code are both included. In this paper, we give an outline of the LinGO(More)
Multiword expressions are a key problem for the development of large-scale, linguistically sound natural language processing technology. This paper surveys the problem and some currently available analytic techniques. The various kinds of multiword expressions should be analyzed in distinct ways, including listing " words with spaces " , hierarchically(More)
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We develop a framework for formalizing semantic construction within grammars expressed in typed feature structure logics, including HPSG. The approach provides an alternative to the lambda calculus; it maintains much of the desirable flexibility of unification-based approaches to composition, while constraining the allowable operations in order to capture(More)
Current research being undertaken at both Cambridge and IBM is aimed at the construction of substantial lexicons containing lexical semantic information capable of use in automated natural language processing (NLP) applications. This work extends previous research on the semi-automatic extraction of lexical information from machine-readable versions of(More)
One major obstacle to efficient processing of large wide coverage grammars in unification-based grammatical frameworks such as hpsg is the time and space cost of the unification operation itself. In a grammar development system it is not appropriate to address this problem with techniques which involve lengthy compilation, since this slows down the(More)