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Astrocyte signals can modulate arteriolar tone, contributing to regulation of cerebral blood flow, but specific intercellular communication mechanisms are unclear. Here we used isolated cerebral arteriole myocytes, astrocytes, and brain slices to investigate whether carbon monoxide (CO) generated by the enzyme heme oxygenase (HO) acts as an(More)
BACKGROUND KATP channels, assembled from pore-forming (Kir6.1 or Kir6.2) and regulatory (SUR1 or SUR2) subunits, link metabolism to excitability. Loss of Kir6.2 results in hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, whereas loss of Kir6.1 causes Prinzmetal angina-like symptoms in mice. Conversely, overactivity of Kir6.2 induces neonatal diabetes in mice and humans,(More)
and Lucille Mayne for helpful comments and suggest ions. Working papers of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland are preliminary materials circulated to stimulate discussion and critical comment. The views stated herein are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland Most models of deposit insurance assume that(More)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels are widely distributed in various tissues and cell types where they couple cell metabolism to cell excitability. Gain of channel function (GOF) mutations in the genes encoding Kir6.2 (KCNJ11) or the associated regulatory ssulfonylurea receptor 1 subunit (ABCC8), cause developmental delay, epilepsy and neonatal(More)
In smooth muscle cells, localized intracellular Ca2+ transients, termed "Ca2+ sparks," activate several large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (KCa) channels, resulting in a transient KCa current. In some smooth muscle cell types, a significant proportion of Ca2+ sparks do not activate KCa channels. The goal of this study was to explore mechanisms that(More)
Thomson is an assistant vice president and economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. The authors would like to thank Sarah Kendall and participants at the October 1992 Financial Management Association meetings for helpful comments and suggestions. Working papers of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland are preliminary materials circulated to(More)
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