Ankur Ramesh Shah

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FOG-1 controls germ cell fates in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Sequence analyses revealed that FOG-1 is a cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding (CPEB) protein; similar proteins from other species have been shown to bind messenger RNAs and regulate their translation. Our analyses of fog-1 mutations indicate that each of the three RNA-binding(More)
The role of the immune response in controlling human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication is controversial. Immunotherapeutic strategies that have the ability to broaden immune responses might play a role in slowing disease progression. DNA immunization was studied as immunotherapy in infected chimpanzees. Two HIV-1-infected chimpanzees were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess HIV-1 DNA vaccination and co-immunization with interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-10 as immunotherapy in the HIV-1 infected chimpanzee model system. METHODS Four chimpanzees that were infected with HIV-1-IIIB for longer than 4 years and remained symptom free were immunized with HIV-1 plasmid vaccines. Two chimpanzees were immunized with DNA(More)
A DNA-based vaccine containing HIV-1 Env and Rev genes was tested for safety and host immune response in 15 HIV-infected asymptomatic patients with CD4-positive lymphocyte counts >/=500/microl of blood and receiving no antiviral therapy. Successive groups of patients received three doses of vaccine at 30, 100, or 300 microg at 10-week intervals in a(More)
Novel approaches for the generation of more effective vaccines for HIV-1 are of significant importance. In this report we analyse the immunogenicity and efficacy of a DNA vaccination approach in a chimpanzee model system. Three chimpanzees were vaccinated with DNA constructs which express the env, rev, gag and pol proteins. These animals developed specific(More)
A global effort to control the HIV epidemic is likely to rely heavily on immunization strategies. As our closest genetic relative, the chimpanzee provides the most important model for preclinical safety and immunogenicity studies. We have immunized adult, pregnant and infant chimpanzees with our plasmid vaccines. We have found these vaccines to be safe and(More)
DNA vaccines encoding human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) env/rev and gag/pol were delivered intravaginally (IVAG) and intramuscularly (IM) to 2 pregnant chimpanzees. Vaccination was well tolerated and each chimpanzee developed antibodies (up to 1 year later) to both vaccines. Placental transfer of anti-Env and anti-Gag IgG was demonstrated in both(More)
We reviewed retrospectively 94 patients who had undergone soft-tissue release to correct flexion contracture of the knee to determine the incidence of postoperative hypertension. The cause of contracture in most patients was cerebral palsy (45) or old poliomyelitis (39). Twenty patients developed persistent hypertension. Two of them were symptomatic, one(More)