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High relaxivity macromolecular contrast agents based on the conjugation of gadolinium chelates to the interior and exterior surfaces of MS2 viral capsids are assessed. The proton nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) profiles of the conjugates show up to a 5-fold increase in relaxivity, leading to a peak relaxivity (per Gd3+ ion) of 41.6 mM(-1)(More)
The desire to improve and expand the scope of clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has prompted the search for contrast agents of higher efficiency. The development of better agents requires consideration of the fundamental coordination chemistry of the gadolinium(III) ion and the parameters that affect its efficacy as a proton relaxation agent. In(More)
Two high-relaxivity nanoscale magnetic resonance contrast agents have been built using bacteriophage MS2 as a biomolecular scaffold. Protein capsid shells were functionalized on either the exterior or interior surface to display multiple copies of an aldehyde functional group. Subsequently, approximately 90 heteropodal bis(hydroxypyridonate)terephthalamide(More)
meso-Tetrakis(2-pyridyl)-porphyrin (2-PyP) was tetra-N-alkylated with three different alpha-bromoacetamides to generate a series of water-soluble N-alkylpyridinium porphyrins (1-3). The product mixtures showed a marked preference for the formation of the alphaalphabetabeta atropisomer. With alpha-bromo-N-n-butylacetamide, the corresponding(More)
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