Renal artery stenosis and renovascular hypertension are important considerations in patients with hypertension that is difficult to control. The diagnosis may also have prognostic significance for progressive renal disease. The most common causes of renal artery stenosis are atherosclerotic disease and fibromuscular dysplasia. The pathophysiology of renal… (More)
We present a patient with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome due to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis along with smoldering multiple myeloma. While investigating the cause of proteinuria, a monoclonal gammopathy with a negative kidney biopsy for myeloma-related pathology was discovered.