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Although interactions between superoxide (O(2)(.-)) and nitric oxide underlie many physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, regulation of this crosstalk at the enzymatic level is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR), a prototypic superoxide O(2)(.-) -producing enzyme, and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1)(More)
Impaired leptin signalling in obesity is increasingly implicated in cardiovascular pathophysiology. To explore mechanisms for leptin activity in the heart, we hypothesized that physiological leptin signalling participates in maintaining cardiac beta-adrenergic regulation of excitation-contraction coupling. We studied 10-week-old (before development of(More)
Platelets become activated during myocardial infarction (MI), but the direct contribution of activated platelets to myocardial reperfusion injury in vivo has yet to be reported. We tested the hypothesis that activated platelets contribute importantly to reperfusion injury during MI in mice. After 30 min of ischemia and 60 min of reperfusion, P-selectin(More)
"Stimulated actin polymerization" has been proposed to be involved in force augmentation, in which prior submaximal activation of vascular smooth muscle increases the force of a subsequent maximal contraction by ∼15%. In this study, we altered stimulated actin polymerization by adjusting tissue length and then measured the effect on force augmentation. At(More)
Histamine stimulation of swine carotid artery induces both contraction and actin polymerization. The importance of stimulus-induced actin polymerization is not known. Tyrosine phosphorylation of the scaffolding protein paxillin is thought to be an important regulator of actin polymerization. Noise temperature, hysteresivity, and phase angle are rheological(More)
Contraction is the primary function of adult arterial smooth muscle. However, in response to vessel injury or inflammation, arterial smooth muscle is able to phenotypically modulate from the contractile state to several 'synthetic' states characterized by proliferation, migration and/or increased cytokine secretion. We examined the effect of tissue length(More)
The phenomenon of posttetanic potentiation, in which a single submaximal contraction or series of submaximal contractions strengthens a subsequent contraction, has been observed in both skeletal and cardiac muscle. In this study, we describe a similar phenomenon in swine carotid arterial smooth muscle. We find that a submaximal K(+) depolarization increases(More)
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