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OBJECTIVE To compare the shoulder load during handcycling and wheelchair propulsion under similar conditions of external power in persons with spinal cord injury. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SUBJECTS Eight men with spinal cord injury. METHODS Kinetics and kinematics were measured during handbike and wheelchair propulsion at 25, 35, 45 and 55 W on a(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of the spatial orientation of the crank axis on mechanical efficiency, physiological strain and perceived discomfort in submaximal synchronous arm crank ergometry. METHODS Twelve able-bodied individuals performed 12 submaximal exercise bouts of 3 minutes (women: 20 W/25 W; men: 25 W/35 W). The crank axis position was defined(More)
STUDY DESIGN This was a prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES The objective was to describe the incidence, prevalence, characteristics of pressure ulcers (PUs) and the association with specific patient characteristics in a consecutive sample of in-patients with a spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING An acute care and rehabilitation clinic specialized in(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective observational cohort study. OBJECTIVES To describe time to occur and time until closure of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING Specialised SCI acute care and rehabilitation clinic in Switzerland. METHODS Daily registration of the presence and severity of HAPUs in a(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical assessment schedule (CLAS) is a core part of the ICF-based implementation of functioning reporting across health conditions and along the continuum of care. AIM The Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section and Board of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS PRM) workshop held in January 2016 aimed to develop and specify a(More)
QUALITY ISSUE Responding to person's health and related needs requires the availability of health information that reflects relevant aspects of a health condition and how this health condition impacts on a person's daily life. INITIAL ASSESSMENT Health information is routinely collected at different time points by diverse professionals, in different(More)
STUDY DESIGN In 2014, the adult spinal cord injury (SCI) common data element (CDE) recommendations were made available. This project was a review of the adult SCI CDE for relevance to children and youth with SCI. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to review the National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) adult SCI CDEs for(More)
INTRODUCTION Involving patients in decision making is a legal requirement in many countries, associated with better rehabilitation outcomes, but not easily accomplished during initial inpatient rehabilitation after severe trauma. Providing medical treatment according to the principles of shared decision making is challenging as a point in case for persons(More)
OBJECTIVE Functioning is an important outcome to measure in cohort studies. Clear and operational outcomes are needed to judge the quality of a cohort study. This paper outlines guiding principles for reporting functioning in cohort studies and addresses some outstanding issues. DESIGN Principles of how to standardize reporting of data from a cohort study(More)