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The family Chlamydiaceae with the recombined single genus Chlamydia currently comprises nine species, all of which are obligate intracellular organisms distinguished by a unique biphasic developmental cycle. Anecdotal evidence from epidemiological surveys in flocks of poultry, pigeons and psittacine birds have indicated the presence of non-classified(More)
Degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a prominent feature in osteoarthritis (OA), which is mainly because of the imbalance between anabolic and catabolic processes in chondrocytes resulting in cartilage and bone destruction. Various proteases act in concert to degrade matrix components, e.g. type II collagen, MMPs, ADAMTS, and cathepsins.(More)
This study aimed to establish and evaluate a bovine respiratory model of experimentally induced acute C. psittaci infection. Calves are natural hosts and pathogenesis may resemble the situation in humans. Intrabronchial inoculation of C. psittaci strain DC15 was performed in calves aged 2-3 months via bronchoscope at four different challenge doses from(More)
Chlamydia (C.) psittaci is the causative agent of psittacosis, a zoonotic disease in birds and man. In addition, C. psittaci has been repeatedly found in domestic animals and is, at least in calves, also able to induce respiratory disease. Knowledge about transmission routes in cattle herds is still deficient, and nothing is known about differences in host(More)
The isolation of intact RNA can be very difficult when tissues are used that contain many RNAses or that are hard to homogenize, e.g. cartilage samples. Additionally, cartilaginous tissues are characterized by a low cellularity and an abundance of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules. But given the growing interest in understanding pathogenesis of(More)
Trachoma is the leading cause of preventable blindness. Commercial assays do not discriminate among all Chlamydiaceae species that might be involved in trachoma. We investigated whether a commercial Micro-ArrayTube could discriminate Chlamydiaceae species in DNA extracted directly from conjunctival samples from 101 trachoma patients in Nepal. To evaluate(More)
Current typing methods of Chlamydia (C.) trachomatis are mainly based on the diversity of the ompA gene, which is coding for the major outer membrane protein A. The present study aimed at facilitating genotyping of strains of this obligate intracellular human pathogen by developing a DNA microarray assay using the ArrayTube™ format for individual samples(More)
In the literature, studies of Chlamydia infection in birds have usually been confined to the search for Chlamydia (C., formerly Chlamydophila) psittaci, so that little is known about the presence of other chlamydial agents. In the present study, cloacal swabs and faeces samples of urban pigeons have been examined by real-time PCR, DNA microarray assays and(More)
Typing of Chlamydia trachomatis is important to understanding its epidemiology. Currently used methods such as DNA sequencing of the ompA gene and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) either offer limited epidemiological resolution or are laborious and expensive, or both. DNA microarray technology using the ArrayStrip format is an affordable alternative for(More)