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BACKGROUND In South Africa, stigma, discrimination, social visibility and fear of loss of confidentiality impede health facility-based HIV testing. With 50% of adults having ever tested for HIV in their lifetime, private, alternative testing options are urgently needed. Non-invasive, oral self-tests offer a potential for a confidential, unsupervised HIV(More)
PURPOSE To determine the relationship between DNA damage and radiosensitivity at low doses (1-10 Gy) for the initial DNA damage and residual DNA damage remaining after 12-h repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eleven cell lines, normal human lung epithelial L132, HT29 human colon carcinoma, ATs4 human ataxia telangiectasia, normal CHO-K1 hamster,(More)
Compound A (CpdA), a dissociated glucocorticoid receptor modulator, decreases corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and luteneinizing hormone levels in rats. Whether this is due to transcriptional regulation by CpdA is not known. Using promoter reporter assays we show that CpdA, like dexamethasone (Dex), directly(More)
Lack of point-of-care tests for tuberculosis (TB) result in diagnostic delay, and increased mortality and healthcare-related costs. The urine Determine(TM) TB-LAM point-of-care strip-test was evaluated in 335 prospectively-recruited hospitalised patients with suspected TB-HIV co-infection (group 1) and from 88 HIV-infected hospitalised patients with non-TB(More)
INTRODUCTION Accurate quantification of mycobacterial load is important for the evaluation of patient infectiousness, disease severity and monitoring treatment response in human and in-vitro laboratory models of disease. We hypothesized that newer techniques would perform as well as solid media culture to quantify mycobacterial burden in laboratory(More)
BACKGROUND Determination of the drug concentration required to kill 50% of the tumour cells (EC50) does not take into account the propensity of cells to undergo apoptosis and necrosis. These 2 parameters and the viable cells are here assessed by a flow cytometric (FC) approach using propidium iodide (PI) and FITC-Annexin V staining. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
The toxicity of the five methylxanthine derivatives, caffeine, pentoxifylline, A802710, propentofylline and A802715, was determined against the two human melanoma lines, Be11 and MeWo, and against the two human squamous cell carcinoma lines, 4197 and 4451, by vital dye staining assay. Pentoxifylline and A802710 emerge as the least toxic showing TD(50)(More)
Photosystem I reaction center was isolated from the cyanobacterium Mastigocladus laminosus. It contained four different subunits with molecular masses (as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate gels) of about 70,000 (subunit I), 16,000 (subunit II), 11,000 (subunit III), and 10,000 (subunit IV) daltons. The purified reaction center contained about 100(More)