Anke Böhmer

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A novel class of tyrosine kinase blockers represented by the tyrphostins AG1295 and AG1296 is described. These compounds inhibit selectively the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor kinase and the PDGF-dependent DNA synthesis in Swiss 3T3 cells and in porcine aorta endothelial cells with 50% inhibitory concentrations below 5 and 1 microM,(More)
A novel assay was developed which allows measuring the activity of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) downregulating the signaling activity of the receptors for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) or epidermal growth factor (EGF) in intact Swiss 3T3 cells and nerve growth factor (TrkA) in TrkA-overexpressing PC12 cells. The assay is based on the(More)
Nitrite (ONO(-)) exerts nitric oxide (NO)-related biological actions and its concentration in the circulation may be of particular importance. Nitrite is excreted in the urine. Hence, the kidney may play an important role in nitrite/NO homeostasis in the vasculature. We investigated a possible involvement of renal carbonic anhydrases (CAs) in endogenous(More)
reason that Schoenwaelder and Jackson did not observe an increase in cytosolic free calcium at higher concentrations of ABT-263 is unclear but may well relate to differences such as higher platelet density (3 108 cells/mL used by them compared with the lower cell density 5 107 cells/mL used in our study).3 In this regard we have previously reported that the(More)
Cell membranes of the human epidermoid cell line A431 express classical bradykinin (BK) B2 receptors, as assessed by [3H]BK binding studies. Furthermore, stimulation by BK induced a time-dependent modulation of protein kinase C (PKC) activity in A431 cells: a rapid activation (t1/2 approximately 1 min) is followed by a slow inhibition (t1/2 approximately 20(More)
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is a widely used analgesic drug. It interacts with various enzyme families including cytochrome P450 (CYP), cyclooxygenase (COX), and nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and this interplay may produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). We investigated the effects of paracetamol on prostacyclin, thromboxane, nitric oxide (NO), and oxidative(More)
The most frequently used catalase (CAT) activity assay is based on the spectrophotometric measurement of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) absorbance decrease at 240 nm. Here we report an alternative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay for human erythrocytic CAT (heCAT) activity measurement based on glutathione (GSH) analysis as a highly stable,(More)
A specific, sensitive and fast LC-MS/MS method with positive electrospray ionization for the quantitative determination of nitrite in human plasma is reported. Added [(15)N]nitrite served as the internal standard (IS). Endogenous nitrite and IS were converted to their S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) derivatives, i.e., GS(14)NO and GS(15)NO, respectively, by(More)
Reports on expression and functionality of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in human blood platelets and erythrocytes are contradictory. We used a specific gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method to detect NOS activity in human platelets. The method measures simultaneously [(15)N]nitrite and [(15)N]nitrate formed from oxidized (15)N-labeled(More)