Anke Altkrueger

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Pancreatic β-cells store insulin in secretory granules that undergo exocytosis upon glucose stimulation. Sustained stimulation depletes β-cells of their granule pool, which must be quickly restored. However, the factors promoting rapid granule biogenesis are unknown. Here we show that β-cell stimulation induces the nucleocytoplasmic translocation of(More)
The molecular basis for the interaction of insulin granules with the cortical cytoskeleton of pancreatic β-cells remains unknown. We have proposed that binding of the granule protein ICA512 to the PDZ domain of β2-syntrophin anchors granules to actin filaments and that the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of β2-syntrophin regulates this association. Here(More)
Insulin maintains homeostasis of glucose by promoting its uptake into cells from the blood. Hyperglycemia triggers secretion of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells. This process is mediated by secretory granule exocytosis. However, how beta-cells keep granule stores relatively constant is still unknown. ICA512 is an intrinsic granule membrane protein, whose(More)
Islet cell autoantigen 512 (ICA512)/IA-2 is a receptor tyrosine phosphatase-like protein associated with the insulin secretory granules (SGs) of pancreatic beta-cells. Here, we show that exocytosis of SGs and insertion of ICA512 in the plasma membrane promotes the Ca(2+)-dependent cleavage of ICA512 cytoplasmic domain by mu-calpain. This cleavage occurs at(More)
Glucose stimulates the exocytosis of insulin secretory granules of pancreatic beta cells. Granule stores are quickly refilled by activation of posttranscriptional mechanisms that enhance the biosynthesis of granule components. Rapid replacement of granules is important to sustain insulin secretion, since new granules appear to be preferentially released.(More)
Genome-wide association studies have led to the identification of numerous susceptibility genes for type 2 diabetes. Among them is Cdkal1, which is associated with reduced β-cell function and insulin release. Recently, CDKAL1 has been shown to be a methylthiotransferase that modifies tRNA(Lys) to enhance translational fidelity of transcripts, including the(More)
Nutrients and growth hormones promote insulin production and the proliferation of pancreatic β-cells. An imbalance between ever-increasing metabolic demands and insulin output causes diabetes. Recent evidence indicates that β-cells enhance insulin gene expression depending on their secretory activity. This signalling pathway involves a catalytically(More)
The molecular basis for the interaction of insulin granules with the cortical cytoskeleton of pancreatic b-cells remains unknown. We have proposed that binding of the granule protein ICA512 to the PDZ domain of b2-syntrophin anchors granules to actin filaments and that the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of b2-syntrophin regulates this association. Here(More)
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