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Measurement of the increase in digital pulse volume amplitude (PVA) during reactive hyperemia relative to baseline (PVA-RH) is being applied widely as a convenient test of nitric oxide bioavailability. However, evidence linking digital PVA-RH to nitric oxide is currently lacking. Accordingly, we investigated whether nitric oxide is responsible for the(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the ESCAPE (Evaluation Study of Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Effectiveness) database to understand the impact and pathophysiology of renal dysfunction in patients hospitalized with advanced decompensated heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Baseline renal insufficiency (RI) (estimated glomerular filtration(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to determine the relevance of a proposed classification for advanced heart failure (HF). Profiles based on clinical assessment of congestion and perfusion at the time of hospitalization were compared with subsequent outcomes. BACKGROUND Optimal design of therapy and trials for advanced HF remains limited by the lack of(More)
BACKGROUND STARBRITE, a multicenter randomized pilot trial, tested whether outpatient diuretic management guided by B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and clinical assessment resulted in more days alive and not hospitalized over 90 days compared with clinical assessment alone. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 130 patients from 3 sites with left ventricular(More)
Cartilaginous implants for potential use in reconstructive or orthopedic surgery were created using chondrocytes grown on synthetic, biodegradable polymer scaffolds. Chondrocytes isolated from bovine or human articular or costal cartilage were cultured on fibrous polyglycolic acid (PGA) and porous poly(L)lactic acid (PLLA) and used in parallel in vitro and(More)
The giardins are abundant cytoskeletal proteins that range in size from 29-38 kDa and are specific to the ventral disk of the intestinal protozoan parasite Giardia lamblia. The 29-kDa (beta and beta-1; refs. 8-10) and the 33-kDa (alpha-1 and alpha-2; refs. 3 and 7) giardins have been characterized previously. In this paper we extend the analysis of the(More)
Success with oncologic treatment has allowed cancer patients to experience longer cancer-free survival gains. Unfortunately, this success has been tempered by unintended and often devastating cardiac complications affecting overall patient outcomes. Cardiac toxicity, specifically the association of several cancer therapy agents with the development of left(More)
In addition to inhibiting cholesterol biosynthesis, statins also inhibit the formation of isoprenoid intermediates, which are required for the activation of the Rho/Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway. Increased ROCK activity has been implicated in causing endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. However, it is not known whether statins, at doses used to lower(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the hypothesis that patients who develop angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor intolerance attributable to circulatory-renal limitations (CRLimit) have more severe underlying disease and worse outcome. BACKGROUND Although the renin-angiotensin system contributes to the progression of heart failure (HF), it also supports(More)
BACKGROUND Indications for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in heart failure (HF) are expanding and may include more than 1 million patients. This study examined patient expectations from ICDs for primary prevention of sudden death in HF. METHODS AND RESULTS Study participants (n = 105) had an EF <35% and symptomatic HF, without history of(More)