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OBJECTIVES Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of children which might persist into adulthood. Systemic inflammation seen in adult RA patients has been shown to be associated with alteration in endothelial function, arterial wall mechanics and intima media thickness. Our study was planned to assess similar changes in JIA(More)
BACKGROUND Vitreoretinal (VR) surgery is associated with moderate to severe pain and significant postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of sub-Tenon's block for providing perioperative analgesia in children undergoing VR surgery. METHODS In a randomized, observer-blinded trial, after obtaining institutional(More)
Considerable evidence suggests that oxidative stress plays an important role in tissue damage associated with hypoglycemia and other metabolic disorders. The altered brain neurotransmitters metabolism, cerebral electrolyte contents, and impaired blood-brain barrier function may contribute to CNS dysfunction in hypoglycemia. The present study elucidates the(More)
BACKGROUND Opioids continue to remain the primary analgesics in children undergoing ophthalmic surgery, and their use may be associated with adverse effects like vomiting and respiratory depression. Topical anesthesia avoids these adverse effects and also complications of regional blocks. We designed this study to verify whether topical anesthesia with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility and stability of ocular alignment after single-stage adjustable strabismus surgery (SSASS) performed under topical anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-five patients of concomitant exodeviations were randomized into three groups of 15 cases each and were operated with three different techniques: Group I -(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Postoperative emesis after pediatric strabismus surgery continues to be a problem, despite the use of antiemetics. The purpose of this study was to identify an anesthetic technique associated with the lowest incidence of vomiting after pediatric strabismus surgery. METHODS A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was(More)
A 2-month-old male baby undergoing penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) under general anesthesia developed bradycardia and a decrease in heart rate to 53 b x min(-1) when stay sutures were taken through the superior and inferior recti. A bolus of 0.1 mg intravenous atropine resulted in tachycardia of up to 180-220 b x min(-1), which persisted for 35 min. After(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by mycoplasmas is very rare. This report describes a severe case of atypical pneumonia due to M. pneumoniae in a formerly healthy young woman who developed high grade fever and cough leading to severe disseminated lung disease and finally to fatal ARDS. This case came into picture when killer atypical(More)
BACKGROUND Anaesthetic drugs during general anaesthesia are titrated according to sympathetic or somatic responses to surgical stimuli. It is now possible to measure depth of anaesthesia using electroencephalography (EEG). Entropy, an EEG-based monitor can be used to assess the depth of anaesthesia using a strip of electrodes applied to the forehead, and(More)