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After introduction of total mesorectal excision (TME) as the gold standard for rectal cancer surgery, oncologic results appeared to be inferior for abdominoperineal excision (APE) as compared to anterior resection. This has been attributed to the technique of standard APE creating a waist at the level of the tumor-bearing segment. This systematic review(More)
Infection has been identified as the most serious potential complication of the indwelling catheter. As a result, the primary nursing goal using the catheters is to prevent infection. Nurses must frequently manipulate the catheters when securing blood specimens and are concerned that this manipulation may serve as a source of infection for the(More)
Extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) was introduced to improve outcomes for low-lying locally advanced rectal cancers (LARC) not amenable to sphincter preserving procedures. This study investigates prospectively outcomes of patients operated on with ELAPE compared with a similar cohort of patients operated on with conventional APE. After the(More)
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