Anja Schienkiewitz

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BACKGROUND Prospective studies on fiber and magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus were inconsistent. We examined associations between fiber and magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes and summarized existing prospective studies by meta-analysis. METHODS We conducted a prospective cohort study of 9702 men and 15 365 women aged 35 to 65(More)
Because foods are consumed in combination, it is difficult in observational studies to separate the effects of single foods on the development of diseases. A possible way to examine the combined effect of food intakes is to derive dietary patterns by using appropriate statistical methods. The objective of this study was to apply a new statistical method,(More)
Die Zunahme von Übergewicht und Adipositas ist ein weltweites Gesundheitsproblem. Die von 2008 bis 2011 durchgeführte erste Welle der „Studie zur Gesundheit Erwachsener in Deutschland“ (DEGS1) liefert aktuelle Daten zu Übergewicht und Adipositas bei Erwachsenen in Deutschland. In DEGS1 wurde eine repräsentative Stichprobe der 18- bis 79-Jährigen zu(More)
Obesity is a well-established risk factor for type 2 diabetes (1–3). However, while several studies (4–10) suggest that anthropometric measurements that describe central fat distribution are superior in predicting type 2 diabetes compared with measurements of general adiposity, this issue remains controversial (11–14). The aim of this study was to compare(More)
Background:Dietary supplement use is increasing, but there are few comparable data on supplement intakes and how they affect the nutrition and health of European consumers. The aim of this study was to describe the use of dietary supplements in subsamples of the 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition(More)
BACKGROUND Our objective was to describe the reduction in relative risk of developing major chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer associated with 4 healthy lifestyle factors among German adults. METHODS We used data from 23,153 German participants aged 35 to 65 years from the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and increases in body weight in adults are considered to be among the most important risk factors for type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE The objective was to evaluate and compare the associations between weight changes during 2 different periods of adult life and the risk of type 2 diabetes and age at diagnosis. DESIGN The study included 7720(More)
AIM The objective is to present height-for-age percentiles representative for infants, children, and adolescents in Germany and to compare them with older German height references by Kromeyer-Hauschild which are based on heterogeneous pooled data (KH) and with international growth charts from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) as well as the growth(More)
It remains unclear what long-term effects of substituting carbohydrates at the expense of protein or fat may have with regard to diabetes risk. Our objective was to evaluate carbohydrate intake in predicting type 2 diabetes using substitution models for fat and protein. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 9,702 men and 15,365 women aged 35-65 years(More)
BACKGROUND Overweight has increased in many countries over the past 20 years and excessive body weight is an established risk factor for adverse health outcomes and chronic diseases. This study aimed to determine comorbidity associated with overweight and obesity in a nationally representative sample of German adults. METHODS In the German National Health(More)