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The biosynthesis of flavonoids and proanthocyanidins was studied in cultivated strawberry (Fragaria xananassa) by combining biochemical and molecular approaches. Chemical analyses showed that ripe strawberries accumulate high amounts of pelargonidin-derived anthocyanins, and a larger pool of 3',4'-hydroxylated proanthocyanidins. Activities and properties of(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana L. produces flavonoid pigments, i.e. flavonols, anthocyanidins and proanthocyanidins, from dihydroflavonol substrates. A small family of putative flavonol synthase (FLS) genes had been recognized in Arabidopsis, and functional activity was attributed only to FLS1. Nevertheless, other FLS activities must be present, because A.(More)
The influence of internal (genetic and developmental) and external (environmental) factors on levels of flavonoid gene transcripts, enzyme activity and metabolites was studied in fruit of six cultivated strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) genotypes grown at two Italian locations. Gene expression and enzyme activity showed development- and(More)
Flavonols and conditionally also anthocyanins, aside from flavonols, are the predominant polyphenols accumulated in various tissues of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana L. In vitro experiments suggested that the dioxygenases involved in their biosynthesis, flavonol synthase and anthocyanidin synthase, are "multifunctional" enzymes showing distinct side(More)
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