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Airway tolerance is a specialized immunological surveillance which is activated by the cells of the lung to deal with and distinguish between innocuous and pathogenic inhalants. However, this distinction does not always occur. Airway tolerance is necessary to avoid the development of allergic disorders, such as asthma, which is dominated by a pathological(More)
BACKGROUND Mice without the basic leucine zipper transcription factor, ATF-like (BATF) gene (Batf(-/-)) lack TH17 and follicular helper T cells, which demonstrates that Batf is a transcription factor important for T- and B-cell differentiation. OBJECTIVE In this study we examined whether BATF expression would influence allergic asthma. METHODS In a(More)
Recently we identified hypoxia-inducible protein 2 (HIG2)/hypoxia-inducible lipid droplet associated (HILPDA) as lipid droplet (LD) protein. Because HILPDA is highly expressed in atherosclerotic plaques, we examined its regulation and function in murine macrophages, compared it to the LD adipose differentiation-related protein (Adrp)/perilipin 2 (Plin2),(More)
To the Editor: The majority of viral infections of the airways are associated with asthma exacerbations in children. Two thirds of these viral infections are caused by rhinovirus, and hospital admissions for asthma correlate with the seasonal peak of rhinovirus infections. TGF-b is a cytokine known to induce forkhead box P3 (FoxP3) regulatory T (Treg) cells(More)
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