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BACKGROUND While the graded relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and risk behaviour in adulthood has been the subject of intense research, far less is known about socio-economic differences in health-related behaviour among adolescents. The purpose of the present study is to examine socio-economic differences in adolescent tobacco use in Germany(More)
BACKGROUND The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in 2003 and the subsequent emergence of the H5N1 virus have highlighted the threat of a global pandemic influenza outbreak. Planning effective public health control measures for such a case will be highly dependent on sound theory-based research on how people perceive the risks involved in such an(More)
BACKGROUND Avian influenza is a considerable threat to global public health. Prevention and control depend on awareness and protective behaviours of the general population as well as high risk-groups. This study aims to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices related to avian influenza among poultry workers in Nepal. METHODS The study was based on(More)
Several Anglo-American studies found that vertical social characteristics made a difference in the utilization of cardiac rehabilitation programmes. A social gradient was also demonstrated for prevalence of risk factors, psychological strain and psychosocial resources. This study investigated social differences for these factors in a group of 536 patients(More)
Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are highly effective anticoagulants but their use is hampered by multiple interactions with food and medicine and a narrow therapeutic range. The large variation in dose requirements has led to the development of several dosing algorithms based on pharmacogenetic and clinical variables. In contrast, evidence about the influence(More)
INTRODUCTION A substantial part of the inter-individual variation in vitamin K-antagonist dose can be explained by certain sequence variants in the genes CYP2C9 (NG_008385.1:g.8633C>T or *1/*2, NG_008385.1:g.47639A>C or *1/*3) and VKORC1 (NG_011564.1:g.6399C>T). Patients possessing these variant alleles require lower doses and have increased risk of(More)
In Germany and other countries a possibly lower programme attendance in cardiac rehabilitation of women compared to men has been critically discussed for many years. Up to now however there are only limited data related to gender-specific utilization rates and programme attendance. In a longitudinal study with three points of measurement, 496 men and 172(More)
BACKGROUND Behavioral factors such as (excessive) alcohol consumption play a major role in the explanation of social inequalities in health. The unequal distribution of health risk behaviors among socio-economic groups has important consequences for both the current and future health status of the younger generation. However, little is known about(More)
Sedentary working conditions, smoking, unhealthy eating habits and lack of exercise are some of the lifestyle risk factors that form a potentially growing problem for seafarers within certain parts of the maritime sector creating a heightened risk for chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Health promotion initiatives to combat this(More)