Anja Löffler

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Some membrane-permeable antagonists restore cell surface expression of misfolded receptors retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and are therefore termed pharmacochaperones. Whether pharmacochaperones increase protein stability, thereby preventing rapid degradation, or assist folding via direct receptor interactions or interfere with quality control(More)
We report a new type of linkage between a carbohydrate and a protein, involving the rarely modified side chain of a tryptophan residue. An aldohexopyranosyl residue was found to be linked via a C-C bond to the indole ring of the tryptophan residue at position 7 of human RNase Us. Mass spectrometric analysis of peptides containing this residue showed a(More)
Recently, we described a new carbohydrate-induced conformational tumour-epitope on mucin-1 (MUC1) with the potential for improvement of immunotherapies [29, 30]. PankoMab is a novel antibody, which binds specifically to this epitope and was designed to show the highest glycosylation dependency and the strongest additive binding effect when compared to other(More)
C2-alpha-Mannosyltryptophan was discovered in RNase 2 from human urine, representing a novel way of attaching carbohydrate to a protein. Here, we have addressed two questions related to the biosynthesis of this modification: (i) is C-mannosylation part of the normal intracellular biosynthetic route, and (ii) how general is it, i.e. which organisms perform(More)
Recently, the novel C-glycosidic linkage of a hexopyranosyl residue to the indole ring of tryptophan residue 7 of human RNase U(s) was reported [Hofsteenge, J., Müller, D. R., de Beer, T., Löffler A., Richter, W. J., & Vliegenthart, J. F. G. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 13524-13530]. Identification of this monosaccharide is a prerequisite for studies of its(More)
The tumor-specific Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TFα, CD176) is an attractive target for a cancer vaccine, especially as TF-directed antibodies play an important role in cancer immunosurveillance. However, synthetic TF vaccines have not overcome the low intrinsic immunogenicity of TF. Since natural TF-directed antibodies present in human sera are generated(More)
Recently, the C-mannosylation of a specific tryptophan residue in RNase 2 from human urine has been reported [Hofsteenge, J., et al. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 13524-13530; de Beer, T., et al. (1995) Biochemistry 34, 11785-11789]. In those studies, identification of this unusual modification was accomplished by mass spectrometric and NMR spectroscopic analysis(More)
Although bispecific antibodies directed against malignant lymphoma have been shown to be effective in vitro and in vivo, extended clinical trials so far have been hampered by the fact that conventional approaches to produce these antibodies suffer from low yields, ill-defined byproducts, or laborious purification procedures. To overcome this problem, we(More)
The Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TF; CD176, Galβ1-3GalNAcα-) is a tumor-specific carbohydrate antigen and a promising therapeutic target. Antibodies that react with this antigen are frequently found in the sera of healthy adults and are assumed to play a role in cancer immunosurveillance. In this study, we examined the occurrence of α-anomeric TF (TFα) on(More)
1. Formation of labeled ADP in the ADP-(32)P -exchange reaction, the inherent property of the dinucleosideoligophosphate (DNOP) phosphorylase demonstrated recently in Euglena gracilis can be used to detect specifically the enzyme activity in crude extracts among interfering enzymes like phosphodiesterase I, adenylate kinase or non-specific phosphatases. 2.(More)
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