Anja Kraus

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Dietary zinc deficiency in rats causes increased osmotic fragility of their erythrocytes. In this study, the influence of supplementary antioxidants (vitamin C, vitamin E or beta-carotene) on osmotic fragility, oxidative damage and components of the primary defense system of erythrocytes of zinc-deficient rats was investigated. Indicators of hemolysis in(More)
Previous studies revealed pharmacological differences between human and guinea pig histamine H(2) receptors (H(2)Rs) with respect to the interaction with guanidine-type agonists. Because H(2)R species variants are structurally very similar, comparative studies are suited to relate different properties of H(2)R species isoforms to few molecular determinants.(More)
In a steady-state GTPase activity assay, N-[3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propyl)]guanidines and N(G)-acylated derivatives are more potent and efficacious at fusion proteins of guinea pig (gpH(2)R-G(salphaS)) than human (hH(2)R-G(salphaS)) histamine H(2) receptor, coupled to the short splice variant of G(salpha), G(salphaS). Whereas Ala-271 (hH(2)R) and Asp-271(More)
BACKGROUND Immunonutrition with omega-3 fatty acids and the "conditionally essential" amino acids arginine, glutamine, cysteine, and taurine can enhance the immune response in critically ill patients. This is due to the immunomodulating properties of these nutrients. Immunonutrition is especially important when a patient's immune response is compromised, as(More)
The posterior hypothalamus of anaesthetized cats was superfused through a push-pull cannula with histamine agonists and antagonists and the release of endogenous catecholamines was determined in the superfusate. Hypothalamic superfusion with histamine, 2-methylhistamine (H1-agonist), dimaprit (H2-agonist) or metiamide (H2-antagonist) enhanced the release of(More)
N1-Aryl(heteroaryl)alkyl-N2-[3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propyl]guanidines are potent histamine H2-receptor (H2R) agonists, but their applicability is compromised by the lack of oral bioavailability and CNS penetration. To improve pharmacokinetics, we introduced carbonyl instead of methylene adjacent to the guanidine moiety, decreasing the basicity of the novel H2R(More)
Residues in the second extracellular loop (e2) play a role in ligand binding in certain aminergic G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). N-[3-(1H-Imidazol-4-yl)propyl)]guanidines and N (G)-acylated derivatives are more efficacious and potent agonists at fusion proteins of the guinea pig histamine H(2) receptor and the short splice variant of G(salpha),(More)
Both the histamine H1-receptor (H1R) and H2-receptor (H2R) exhibit pronounced species selectivity in their pharmacological properties; i.e., bulky agonists possess higher potencies and efficacies at guinea pig (gp) than at the corresponding human (h) receptor isoforms. In this study, we examined the effects of NG-acylated imidazolylpropylguanidines(More)
The bioisosteric replacement of the guanidino group in arpromidine-like histamine H(2) receptor (H(2)R) agonists by an acylguanidine moiety is a useful approach to obtain potent H(2)R agonists with improved oral bioavailability and blood-brain barrier penetration. Unfortunately, the selectivity of such N(G)-acylated imidazolylpropylguanidines for the H(2)R(More)
In anaesthetized rabbits guide cannulae were stereotaxically inserted into the anterior hypothalamic area and into the posterior hypothalamic nucleus. Additionally, catheters were inserted into the carotid artery and the jugular vein. Some days after the operation push-pull cannulae were inserted through the guide cannulae into the hypothalamic regions of(More)