Anja Koskela

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Alkylresorcinols [ARs] have been proposed for use as biomarkers of whole-grain intake. The aim here was to examine the responsiveness of AR metabolites to rye intake. Sixty women were divided into three groups according to their rye consumption. We observed significant differences between groups in plasma 3-[3,5-dihydroxyphenyl]-1-propanoic acid [DHPPA] and(More)
Estrogens are important regulators of bone mass and their effects are mainly mediated via estrogen receptor (ER)α. Central ERα exerts an inhibitory role on bone mass. ERα is highly expressed in the arcuate (ARC) and the ventromedial (VMN) nuclei in the hypothalamus. To test whether ERα in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons, located in ARC, is involved in(More)
Estrogen receptor α (ERα) signaling leads to cellular responses in several tissues and in addition to nuclear ERα-mediated effects, membrane ERα (mERα) signaling may be of importance. To elucidate the significance, in vivo, of mERα signaling in multiple estrogen-responsive tissues, we have used female mice lacking the ability to localize ERα to the membrane(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone-fatty acyl esters (DHEA-FAE) are naturally occurring water-insoluble metabolites of DHEA, which are transported in plasma exclusively by lipoproteins. To find out whether DHEA, like estradiol, might be stored in adipose tissue in FAE form, we set up a mass spectrometric method to quantify DHEA-FAE and free DHEA in human adipose tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Estrone and its sulfated esters are the most abundant estrogens in blood in men and in women after the menopause. However, previous studies on the esterification of estrone with fatty acids have yielded conflicting results, some studies reporting high nanomolar concentrations of estrone fatty acyl esters in plasma. METHODS We developed an(More)
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