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Drosophila obscurin (Unc-89) is a titin-like protein in the M-line of the muscle sarcomere. Obscurin has two kinase domains near the C-terminus, both of which are predicted to be inactive. We have identified proteins binding to the kinase domains. Kinase domain 1 bound Bällchen (Ball, an active kinase), and both kinase domains 1 and 2 bound MASK (a 400-kDa(More)
Obscurin (also known as Unc-89 in Drosophila) is a large modular protein in the M-line of Drosophila muscles. Drosophila obscurin is similar to the nematode protein UNC-89. Four isoforms are found in the muscles of adult flies: two in the indirect flight muscle (IFM) and two in other muscles. A fifth isoform is found in the larva. The larger IFM isoform has(More)
Zasp52 is a member of the PDZ-LIM domain protein family in Drosophila, which comprises Enigma, ENH, ZASP, Alp, CLP36, RIL, and Mystique in vertebrates. Drosophila Zasp52 colocalizes with integrins at myotendinous junctions and with α-actinin at Z-disks, and is required for muscle attachment as well as Z-disk assembly and maintenance. Here we document 13(More)
The Drosophila Alp/Enigma family protein Zasp52 localizes to myotendinous junctions and Z-discs. It is required for terminal muscle differentiation and muscle attachment. Its vertebrate ortholog ZASP/Cypher also localizes to Z-discs, interacts with α-actinin through its PDZ domain, and is involved in Z-disc maintenance. Human mutations in ZASP cause(More)
Stretch activation (SA) is a fundamental property of all muscle types that increases power output and efficiency, yet its mechanism is unknown. Recently, studies have implicated troponin isoforms as important in the SA mechanism. The highly stretch-activated Drosophila IFMs express two isoforms of the Ca2+-binding subunit of troponin (TnC). TnC1 (TnC-F2 in(More)
The Drosophila indirect flight muscles (IFM) can be used as a model for the study of sarcomere assembly. Here we use a transgenic line with a green fluorescent protein (GFP) exon inserted into the Z-disc-proximal portion of sallimus (Sls), also known as Drosophila titin, to observe sarcomere assembly during IFM development. Firstly, we confirm that Sls-GFP(More)
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