Anja Katrin Bosserhoff

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Although deregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) demonstrably contributes to the development and progression of all types of human cancers, little data are available about the changes in miRNA expression levels in malignant melanoma. In our study, we performed microarray-based miRNA profiling of melanocytes and melanoma cell lines derived from either(More)
High malignancy and early metastasis are hallmarks of melanoma. Here, we report that the transcription factor Snail1 inhibits expression of the tumor suppressor CYLD in melanoma. As a direct consequence of CYLD repression, the protooncogene BCL-3 translocates into the nucleus and activates Cyclin D1 and N-cadherin promoters, resulting in proliferation and(More)
The most critical risk factor for optic nerve damage in cases of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is an increased intraocular pressure (IOP) caused by a resistance to aqueous humor outflow in the trabecular meshwork (TM). The molecular pathogenesis of this increase in outflow resistance in POAG has not yet been identified, but it may involve transforming(More)
Malignant melanoma cells are known to have altered expression of growth factors compared with normal human melanocytes. These changes probably favor tumor growth and progression and influence the tumor environment. The induction of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), TGF-beta2, and TGF-beta3 expression in malignant melanoma has been reported(More)
Melanoma inhibitory activity (MIA) has been identified as a small protein secreted from malignant melanoma cells. Recent results revealed a direct interaction of MIA and epitopes within extracellular matrix proteins including fibronectin. The aim of this study was to analyze functional consequences mediated by this interaction. Here we show that MIA(More)
Liver cirrhosis is the main risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are the effector cells of hepatic fibrosis and also infiltrate the HCC stroma where they might play a critical role in HCC progression. Here we aimed to analyze the effects of activated HSC on the proliferation and growth of(More)
Cell adhesion and migration are essential for embryonic development, tissue regeneration, but also for tumor development. The physical link between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and the actin cytoskeleton is mainly mediated by receptors of the integrin family. Through signals transduced upon integrin ligation to ECM proteins, this family of proteins plays(More)
We examined the role of angiogenesis/lymphangiogenesis and the relationship between melanoma inhibitory activity (MIA) and angiogenesis or lymphangiogenesis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). One hundred and one formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens of primary OSCC were evaluated for microvessel density (MVD), lymphovessel density (LVD),(More)
The hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), which consists of the constitutive HIF-1beta and the oxygen-responsive HIF-1alpha subunit, is the master activator of the cellular transcriptional response to hypoxia coordinating gene expression during reduced oxygen tension. Overexpression of HIF-1 and increased transcriptional activity induced by hypoxia are linked(More)
GTPases of the Rho family are transducers of extracellular signals and control cellular processes such as organization of the actin cytoskeleton, motility, adhesion and gene regulation. The Rho signalling pathway is activated, for example, by bioactive sphingolipids such as sphingosine-1-phosphate (SPP) or by overexpression of Rho family members in(More)