Anja Katrin Bielinsky

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Mcm10 is a conserved eukaryotic DNA replication factor whose function has remained elusive. We report here that Mcm10 binding to replication origins in budding yeast is cell cycle regulated and dependent on the putative helicase, Mcm2-7. Mcm10 is also an essential component of the replication fork. A fraction of Mcm10 binds to DNA, as shown by histone(More)
The S-phase checkpoint kinases Mec1 and Rad53 in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, are activated in response to replication stress that induces replication fork arrest. In the absence of a functional S-phase checkpoint, stalled replication forks collapse and give rise to chromosome breakage. In an attempt to better understand replication dynamics(More)
Mcm10 is an essential eukaryotic DNA replication protein required for assembly and progression of the replication fork. The highly conserved internal domain (Mcm10-ID) has been shown to physically interact with single-stranded (ss) DNA, DNA polymerase alpha, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The crystal structure of Xenopus laevis Mcm10-ID(More)
The initiation of DNA replication in eukaryotic cells at the onset of S phase requires the origin recognition complex (ORC) [1]. This six-subunit complex, first isolated in Saccharomyces cerevisiae [2], is evolutionarily conserved [1]. ORC participates in the formation of the prereplicative complex [3], which is necessary to establish replication(More)
Minichromosome maintenance protein 10 (Mcm10) is required for DNA replication in all eukaryotes. Although the exact contribution of Mcm10 to genome replication remains heavily debated, early reports suggested that it promotes DNA unwinding and origin firing. These ideas have been solidified by recent studies that propose a role for Mcm10 in helicase(More)
Replication in eukaryotes is bidirectional and semi-discontinuous. This asymmetry provides the basis for mapping the origin of bidirectional replication (OBR), which is the transition point from discontinuous to continuous synthesis. The regions of each DNA strand complementary to the leading strand or lagging strand can be measured by the methods of(More)
In all eukaryotes, the ligation of newly synthesized DNA, also known as Okazaki fragments, is catalysed by DNA ligase I (ref. 1). An individual with a DNA ligase I deficiency exhibits growth retardation, sunlight sensitivity and severe immunosuppression, probably due to accumulation of DNA damage. Surprisingly, not much is known about the DNA damage(More)
Mcm10 is a conserved eukaryotic DNA replication factor that is required for S phase progression. Recently, Mcm10 has been shown to interact physically with the DNA polymerase-alpha (pol-alpha).primase complex. We show now that Mcm10 is in a complex with pol-alpha throughout the cell cycle. In temperature-sensitive mcm10-1 mutants, depletion of Mcm10 results(More)
The ATR-CHK1 axis stabilizes stalled replication forks and prevents their collapse into DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here, we show that fork collapse in Atr-deleted cells is mediated through the combined effects the sumo targeted E3-ubiquitin ligase RNF4 and activation of the AURKA-PLK1 pathway. As indicated previously, Atr-deleted cells exhibited a(More)
Sites of DNA synthesis initiation have been detected at the nucleotide level in a yeast origin of bidirectional replication with the use of replication initiation point mapping. The ARS1 origin of Saccharomyces cerevisiae showed a transition from discontinuous to continuous DNA synthesis in an 18-base pair region (nucleotides 828 to 845) from within element(More)