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In eukaryotes, mitosis is initiated by M phase promoting factor (MPF), composed of B-type cyclins and their partner protein kinase, CDK1. In animal cells, MPF is cytoplasmic in interphase and is translocated into the nucleus after mitosis has begun, after which it associates with the mitotic apparatus until the cyclins are degraded in anaphase. We have used(More)
The anaphase-promoting complex (APC) or cyclosome is a ubiquitin ligase that initiates anaphase and mitotic exit. APC activation is thought to depend on APC phosphorylation and Cdc20 binding. We have identified 43 phospho-sites on APC of which at least 34 are mitosis specific. Of these, 32 sites are clustered in parts of Apc1 and the tetratricopeptide(More)
Progress through mitosis is controlled by the sequential destruction of key regulators including the mitotic cyclins and securin, an inhibitor of anaphase whose destruction is required for sister chromatid separation. Here we have used live cell imaging to determine the exact time when human securin is degraded in mitosis. We show that the timing of securin(More)
Cyclins A and E and their partner cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) are key regulators of DNA synthesis and of mitosis. Immunofluorescence studies have shown that both cyclins are nuclear and that a proportion of cyclin A is localized to sites of DNA replication. However, recently, both cyclin A and cyclin E have been implicated as regulators of centrosome(More)
Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis ML3 contains high pools of proline or betaine when grown under conditions of high osmotic strength. These pools are created by specific transport systems. A high-affinity uptake system for glycine betaine (betaine) with a Km of 1.5 microM is expressed constitutively. The activity of this system is not stimulated by high(More)
  • Klaus Stucky, Anja Hagting, +4 authors Roland Plapp
  • 1995
A gene (brnQ), encoding a carrier for branched-chain amino acids in Lactobacillus delbrückii subsp. lactis DSM7290 was cloned in the low-copy-number vector pLG339 by complementation of a transport-deficient Escherichia coli strain. The plasmid carrying the cloned gene restored growth of an E. coli strain mutated in 4 different branched-chain amino acid(More)
BACKGROUND At M phase, cyclin B1 is phosphorylated in the cytoplasmic retention sequence (CRS), which is required for nuclear export. During interphase, cyclin B1 shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm because constitutive nuclear import is counteracted by rapid nuclear export. In M phase, cyclin B moves rapidly into the nucleus coincident with its(More)
The widespread reorganization of cellular architecture in mitosis is achieved through extensive protein phosphorylation, driven by the coordinated activation of a mitotic kinase network and repression of counteracting phosphatases. Phosphatase activity must subsequently be restored to promote mitotic exit. Although Cdc14 phosphatase drives this reversal in(More)
A proton motive force-driven di-tripeptide carrier protein (DtpT) and an ATP-dependent oligopeptide transport system (Opp) have been described for Lactococcus lactis MG1363. Using genetically well-defined mutants in which dtpT and/or opp were inactivated, we have now established the presence of a third peptide transport system (DtpP) in L. lactis. The(More)
Lactococcus lactis takes up di- and tripeptides via a proton motive force-dependent carrier protein. The gene (dtpT) encoding the di-tripeptide transport protein of L. lactis was cloned by complementation of a dipeptide transport-deficient and proline auxotrophic Escherichia coli strain. Functional expression of the dipeptide transport gene was demonstrated(More)