Anja Gerstner

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To record prospectively, from early presentation, the clinical features of parkinsonism and tremor disorders, in relation to evidence of dopaminergic deficit shown with [(123)I]-FP-CIT (DaTSCAN, Amersham Health) single photon emission computerised tomography (SPECT). Clinical signs were recorded in 62 patients, of whom 24 failed standard Parkinson's disease(More)
Overdiagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is suggested by specialist review of community diagnosis, and in postmortem studies. In specialist centers 4 to 15% of patients entered into clinical trials as early PD do not have functional imaging support for a PD diagnosis. In a European multicenter, prospective, longitudinal study, we compared clinical(More)
Exogenous application of levodopa is conventionally used to equalize the striatal dopamine deficit in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). The stimulation of endogenous biosynthesis of levodopa via activation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) has been proposed as new therapeutic concept in PD. This may be achieved by exogenous supply with the reduced coenzyme(More)
Background. The reduced form of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) acts as a lipophilic antioxidant and participates in electron and proton transport of the respiratory chain in the inner mitochondrial membrane. An alteration in CoQ10 redox state may thus reflect a change in membrane electron transport and the effectiveness of defense against toxic reactive oxygen(More)
To assess the effects on motor functioning, health status and direct medical costs of high-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (DBS-STN) in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). In addition, the cost-effectiveness of DBS-STN vs. drug treatment was investigated. 16 consecutive patients with PD from two centers (Düsseldorf/Cologne;(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies demonstrated controversial results regarding monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) activity in platelets in the periphery in parkinsonian patients (PD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS Therefore we determined platelet MAO-B activity in three age- and sex-matched groups of 17 untreated, so called "de novo" patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), 17(More)
The accurate clinical diagnosis of parkinsonism may be impeded by atypical presentations and confounding comorbidity. The presence of parkinsonism is misdiagnosed in up to a quarter of cases in general practice. Movement disorder specialists misdiagnose parkinsonian syndromes using histopathological findings as the "gold standard" in up to 10% of cases.(More)
INTRODUCTION Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegenerative disease (PKAN) is a secondary generalized dystonia associated with an accumulation of iron in the basal ganglia and increased motor cortex excitability. A pilot study in three patients with secondary generalized dystonia had reported a reduced frequency of painful axial spasms following(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral microbleeds (CMB) are associated with an increased risk for ischemic and especially hemorrhagic stroke. The aim of the present study is to identify patients at high risk for the development of new CMB after initiation of an antiplatelet drug therapy. METHODS Patients received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 1 week after(More)
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