Anja Feldner

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Cellular contractility and, thus, the ability to alter cell shape are prerequisites for a number of important biological processes such as cytokinesis, movement, differentiation, and substrate adherence. The contractile capacity of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is pivotal for the regulation of vascular tone and thus blood pressure and flow. Here, we(More)
RATIONALE The formation of novel blood vessels is initiated by vascular endothelial growth factor. Subsequently, DLL4-Notch signaling controls the selection of tip cells, which guide new sprouts, and trailing stalk cells. Notch signaling in stalk cells is induced by DLL4 on the tip cells. Moreover, DLL4 and DLL1 are expressed in the stalk cell plexus to(More)
The Delta-Notch pathway is a signal exchanger between adjacent cells to regulate numerous differentiation steps during embryonic development. Blood vessel formation by sprouting angiogenesis requires high expression of the Notch ligand DLL4 in the leading tip cell, while Notch receptors in the trailing stalk cells are activated by DLL4 to achieve strong(More)
Despite the high prevalence of venous diseases that are associated with and based on the structural reorganization of the venous vessel wall, not much is known about their mechanistic causes. In this context, we demonstrated that the quantity of myocardin, a transcriptional regulator of the contractile and quiescent smooth muscle cell phenotype, was(More)
Arteriogenesis-the growth of collateral arterioles-partially compensates for the progressive occlusion of large conductance arteries as it may occur as a consequence of coronary, cerebral or peripheral artery disease. Despite being clinically highly relevant, mechanisms driving this process remain elusive. In this context, our study revealed that abundance(More)
Hydrocephalus is a common congenital anomaly. LCAM1 and MPDZ (MUPP1) are the only known human gene loci associated with non-syndromic hydrocephalus. To investigate functions of the tight junction-associated protein Mpdz, we generated mouse models. Global Mpdz gene deletion or conditional inactivation in Nestin-positive cells led to formation of(More)
AIMS Adequate endothelial cell stimulation is a prerequisite for the adaptive remodelling of macro- and microvessels. A pivotal autocrine mechanism following endothelial cell activation is the release of angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), which subsequently antagonizes the binding of Ang-1 to the Tie-2 receptor, thus sensitizing the endothelial cells to pro-angiogenic(More)
OBJECTIVE The expression of ephrinB2 in endothelial cells delineates their arterial phenotype and is a prerequisite for the development of the embryonic vasculature. Whereas the role of ephrinB2 in the microcirculation has been studied extensively, its expression and function in adult arteries is hardly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS Our analyses showed(More)
An increase in circumferential wall tension (CWT) is an important determinant of vascular remodeling during hypertension or arteriosclerosis but also arteriogenesis. Although pivotal for such processes, the effect of this biomechanical force on venous remodeling has not yet been delineated. To this end, we raised the filling pressure in veins of the mouse(More)