Anja C. Bloom

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Balancing the generation of immune responses capable of controlling virus replication with those causing immunopathology is critical for the survival of the host and resolution of influenza-induced inflammation. Based on the capacity of interleukin-6 (IL-6) to govern both optimal T-cell responses and inflammatory resolution, we hypothesised that IL-6 plays(More)
INTRODUCTION Activation of the inflammasome has been implicated in the pathology of various autoinflammatory and autoimmune diseases. While the NLRP3 inflammasome has been linked to arthritis progression, little is known about its synovial regulation or contribution to joint histopathology. Regulators of inflammation activation, such as interleukin (IL)-10,(More)
Reduced bone density and secondary osteoporosis, resulting in increased risk of fracture, is a significant complicating factor in the inflammatory arthritides. While the exact etiology of systemic bone loss is not fully elucidated, recent insights into the tumor necrosis factor super family (TNFSF) revealed a potential role for death receptor 3(More)
Objectives. Genome wide association studies identified TNFSF member TNF-like protein 1A (TL1A, TNFSF15) as a potential modulator of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). TL1A is the only confirmed TNFSF ligand of death receptor 3 (DR3, TNFRSF25); however, its role in disease pathology is not characterised. We evaluated DR3's role in controlling osteoblast- (OB-)(More)
The relationship between the adaptive CD4+ T cell response and human cancer is unclear. The oncofetal antigen 5T4 is expressed on many human carcinomas, including colorectal cancer (CRC) cells, but has limited expression on normal tissues. We previously identified anti-5T4 CD4+ T cells in a proportion of CRC patients, and we extended this study to examine(More)
Degenerative joint diseases such as osteoarthritis are characterised by aberrant region-specific bone formation and abnormal bone mineral content. A recent study suggested a role for the complement membrane attack complex in experimental models of osteoarthritis. Since CD59a is the principal regulator of the membrane attack complex in mice, we evaluated the(More)
Intratumorally (IT) administered INT230-6 (a combination of cisplatin, vinblastine and an amphiphilic cell penetration excipient) induces complete responses (CR) in large established tumors, durable protection against re-inoculation, and the ability to shrink and/or resolve non-treated bystander lesions. This therapy results in massive cell death, and(More)
Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are often highly enriched within the tumor-infiltrating T cell pool. Using a well-characterised model of carcinogen-induced fibrosarcomas we show that the enriched tumor-infiltrating Treg population comprises largely of CXCR3(+) T-bet(+) 'TH1-like' Tregs which are thymus-derived Helios(+) cells. Whilst IL-2 maintains(More)
Importance The success of immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors is not replicated in most cases of colorectal cancer; therefore, different strategies are urgently required. The oncofetal antigen 5T4 is expressed in more than 90% of cases of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Preliminary data using modified vaccinia Ankara-5T4 (MVA-5T4) in mCRC(More)
The relationship between the adaptive CD4þ T-cell response and human cancer is unclear. The oncofetal antigen 5T4 is expressed inmany human carcinomas, including colorectal cancer cells, but has limited expression on normal tissues. We previously identified anti-5T4 CD4þ T cells in a proportion of patients with colorectal cancer, and we extended this study(More)