Anja Bernaerts

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This article presents the range of manifestations of tuberculosis (TB) of the craniospinal axis. Central nervous system (CNS) infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis occurs either in a diffuse form as basal exudative leptomeningitis or in a localized form as tuberculoma, abscess, or cerebritis. In addition to an extensive review of computed tomography and(More)
The purpose of this article is to review the imaging characteristics of musculoskeletal tuberculosis. Skeletal tuberculosis represents one-third of all cases of tuberculosis occurring in extrapulmonary sites. Hematogenous spread from a distant focus elsewhere in the body is the cornerstone in the understanding of imaging features of musculoskeletal(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively compare non-echo-planar (non-EP) diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging, delayed gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and the combination of both techniques in the evaluation of patients with cholesteatoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS This institutional review board-approved study, for which the need to obtain(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze the role of non-echo-planar imaging (non-EPI)-based diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of residual cholesteatoma after canal wall-up mastoidectomy before eventual second-look surgery. STUDY DESIGN Prospective and blinded study. SETTING Tertiary referral center. (More)
Single-shot (SS) turbo spin-echo (TSE) diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non echo-planar imaging (EPI) technique recently reported for the evaluation of middle ear cholesteatoma. We prospectively evaluated a SS TSE DW sequence in detecting congenital or acquired middle ear cholesteatoma and evaluated the size of middle ear(More)
Published online: 24 May 2002 © Springer-Verlag 2002 linear radiolucent stripe in the spinal canal corresponded to epidural pneumatosis (Fig. 2). A follow-up chest radiograph showed a spontaneous regression of the pneumatosis. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine or “Ecstasy” is an amphetamine derivative that produces feelings of euphoria, energy, and desire(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the lifetime evolution of the radioclinical features in a large family with van Buchem disease. The study population included 13 patients, ranging between 6 and 69 years. The evolution of the clinical features has been assessed by retrospective analysis of the clinical records of the patients. The age-related(More)
The accessory navicular is often erroneously considered as a normal anatomic and roentgenographic variant. Three distinct types of accessory navicular bones have been described. The type 2 and 3 variants have been associated with pathologic conditions such as posterior tibial tendon tear and painful navicular syndrome and therefore should not be arbitrarily(More)
Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is a developmental defect of the proximal femur and acetabulum. PFFD includes a spectrum of findings ranging from mild femoral shortening with varus deformity to complete absence of both the acetabulum and the proximal femur. Most attempts to classify the severity of the abnormality are based on the radiographic(More)