Anja Arnhold

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Using a language game to elicit short sentences in various information structural conditions, we found that Finnish 4- to 5-year-olds already exhibit a characteristic interaction between prosody and word order in marking information structure. Providing insights into the acquisition of this complex system of interactions, the production data showed(More)
Speech in noise, or Lombard speech, is characterized by increased intensity and higher fundamental frequency as well as lengthened segmental durations as speakers try to maintain a beneficial signal-to-noise ratio to fill both communicative and self-monitoring requirements. The phenomenon has been studied with regard to different noise types and different(More)
The present production study shows that information structure is prosodically expressed in several parallel ways in Finnish. In addition to producing words in narrow focus with (1) a larger duration, (2) higher f0 peaks and greater falls, and (3) an earlier and more consistent peak alignment, participants frequently marked these words using also (4) pauses(More)
This paper investigates instrumentally for the first time the binary vowel quantity opposition (short vs. long) in Yakut (or Sakha) on the basis of spontaneous production data from nine speakers. Acoustic measurements of vowels in disyllabic words showed a significantly shorter duration of short vowels than their long counterparts. Furthermore, f0 maxima(More)
This contribution investigates focus realisation by means of intonation in West Greenlandic, concentrating on prefinal constituents. It finds that focus is realised in two ways in this language: Focussed words are realised with a complete tonal contour more often than ‘given’ words, and are usually also marked in terms of pitch range. However, variation(More)
The quantity language Yakut (Sakha) has a binary distinction between short and long vowels. Disyllabic words with short and long vowels in one or both syllables were extracted from spontaneous speech of native Yakut speakers. In addition, a controlled production by a native speaker of disyllabic words with different short and long vowel combinations along(More)
We use visual world eye-tracking to test if a speaker’s eye gaze to a potential antecedent modulates the listener’s interpretation of an ambiguous pronoun. Participants listened to stories that included an ambiguous pronoun, such as “The dolphin kisses the goldfish... He....” During the prepronominal context, an onscreen narrator gazed at one of the two(More)