Anitha Varghese

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A 27-year-old physical education teacher, from a rural sheep farming area of South Africa, was referred following an isolated episode of collapse. Transthoracic echocardiography and MRI showed a cystic lesion under the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve attached to the right ventricular wall. A provisional diagnosis of hydatid cyst was made. Hydatid(More)
PURPOSE To compare a multislab three-dimensional volume-selective fast spin-echo (FSE) magnetic resonance (MR) sequence with a routine two-dimensional FSE sequence for quantification of carotid wall volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred normal subjects (50 men, mean age 44.6 years) underwent carotid vessel wall MR using 2D and 3D techniques. Carotid(More)
Becker muscular dystrophy is a rare cause of dilated cardiomyopathy. A case of Becker muscular dystrophy is reviewed in which cardiovascular magnetic resonance showed previously unreported findings of extensive mid-myocardial late gadolinium enhancement. Similar detection of late gadolinium enhancement in conjunction with other uses of cardiovascular(More)
PURPOSE To determine, in asymptomatic subjects, the inter-study reproducibility of a three-dimensional (3D) volume selective fast spin echo (FSE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance sequence for the assessment of carotid artery wall volume as a measure of atheroma burden. METHODS Inter-study reproducibility was evaluated in 16 asymptomatic volunteers (10(More)
PURPOSE To use a volume-selective 3D turbo spin echo (TSE) technique to image the carotid artery wall and measure distensibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS A high-resolution volume-selective 3D TSE sequence has been developed. Volume selection is accomplished by orthogonal gradients for the 90 degrees and 180 degrees excitations and allows a 3D volume of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate semiautomated analysis software for measuring the total carotid arterial wall volume (TWV) as a measure of atheroma burden. MATERIALS AND METHODS Semiautomated-software and manual analyses of TWV measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) were compared in two phantom models, 10 subjects with no known carotid artery disease,(More)
PURPOSE To improve 3D volume-selective turbo spin echo (TSE) carotid artery wall imaging by incorporating navigators to reduce artifacts caused by swallowing. MATERIALS AND METHODS Images were acquired on a Siemens Magnetom Sonata 1.5T scanner. 3D volume-selective TSE scans of the carotid arteries were acquired in six healthy volunteers. A cross-pair(More)
PURPOSE To assess the interstudy reproducibility of a three-dimensional volume-selective, fast spin echo (FSE) magnetic resonance technique for the assessment of carotid artery wall volume, which is a marker for total carotid plaque volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS Interstudy reproducibility was evaluated in 10 subjects with evidence of carotid artery(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD) are closely linked. Early detection of aortic atherosclerosis with the adoption of appropriate preventive measures may therefore help to reduce mortality and morbidity related to CAD. Arterial remodeling, by which the wall adapts to physiological or pathological insults by a change in(More)