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BACKGROUND Laser-induced autofluorescence (LIAF) is an emerging noninvasive technique in the biomedical field, especially for cancer detection. The goal of the study was to develop a spectral ratio reference standard (SRRS) to discriminate different grades of oral cancer. METHODS LIAF emission spectra from oral mucosa were recorded in the 420-720 nm(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) status is an important biomarker in defining subtypes of breast cancer differing in antihormonal therapy response, risk factors and prognosis. However, little is known about association of ER status with various risk factors in the developing world. Our case-control study done in Kerala, India looked at the associations of ER status(More)
Breast cancer incidence is low in India compared with high-income countries, but it has increased in recent decades, particularly among urban women. The reasons for this pattern are not known although they are likely related to reproductive and lifestyle factors. Here, we report the results of a large case-control study on the association between(More)
BACKGROUND The study of whether porcine xenografts can lead to porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) infection of recipients is critical for evaluating the safety of pig-to-man xenotransplantation. PERV is carried in the pig germline, and all recipients of porcine tissues or organs will be exposed to the virus. METHODS We studied 10 diabetic patients who(More)
Assessing the relationship of oral squamous carcinoma with the mandible prior to definitive therapy poses a perplexing problem for the head and neck oncologist. We carried out a prospective open study of 51 (21 female and 30 male; mean age of 53.4 years) patients undergoing mandibular resections for oral squamous cell carcinoma to examine the incidence of(More)
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is a rare benign tumour of the breast. However inadequate surgery of this tumour, which is notorious for its pseudopod like extension into adjacent tissue, results in recurrence. We report a case of pleomorphic adenoma of the breast that has been excised at a local hospital and then referred to a tertiary care hospital for definite(More)
A low-cost, fast, and noninvasive method for early diagnosis of malignant lesions of oral mucosa based on diffuse reflectance spectral signatures is presented. In this technique, output of a tungsten halogen lamp is guided to the tissue through the central fiber of a reflection probe whose surrounding six fibers collects tissue reflectance. Ex vivo diffuse(More)
Diffuse reflectance (DR) spectroscopy is a simple, low-cost, and noninvasive modality with potential for distinguishing oral precancer. Recently, in an ex vivo study, the DR spectral ratio (R545/R575) of oxygenated hemoglobin bands at 545 and 575 nm was used for grading malignancy. This work presents the results of clinical trials conducted in 29 patients(More)
Laser-induced autofluorescence (LIAF) and diffuse reflection spectroscopy (DRS) are two emerging noninvasive optical tools that have shown immense potential to detect oral cavity pre-cancer. In a recent study, we have used spectral ratio reference standards (SRRS) of LIAF intensity ratios F500/F635, F500/F685, and F500/F705 for grading of tissues belonging(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation induced sarcoma arise as a long term complication of radiation treatment for other benign or malignant conditions. They are of very rare occurrence in jaw bones and are even rarer in maxilla. CASE PRESENTATION Here we report a case of radiation induced sarcoma in a patient treated for squamous cell carcinoma of buccal mucosa with(More)