Anitha Jasper

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We compared two modes of aerosol bronchodilator delivery in 34 patients hospitalized with obstructive airways diseases. The standard mode, therapist-administered up-draft nebulization (UDN), is labor-intensive and therefore relatively costly. The alternative mode, self-administration by a metered dose inhaler (MDI), is less costly, but its efficacy over an(More)
We previously have shown that in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) oxygen consumption (VO2) is linearly related to oxygen delivery (DO2) below a threshold DO2 of 21 ml/min/kg. To evaluate this relationship in chronic congestive heart failure (CHF), we studied eight patients with chronic CHF at baseline and during treatment with(More)
We studied the relationship between the pulmonary artery wedge pressure (Pw) and pulmonary venous pressure (Ppv) at 2 alveolar pressures (PA) in 7 isolated perfused dog lobes. If PA were the critical pressure in the pulmonary circulation, one would expect Pw to equal Ppv for all Ppv greater than PA. Relative to the hilum, the average critical pressure in(More)
In 8 anesthetized dogs, during isocapnic hyperoxia we studied the effect of assisted ventilation (AV) on ventilatory drive, inspiratory off-switch volume (Voff) and duration of inspiratory diaphragmatic activity (Tdi). Tidal volumes (Vt) during AV were double spontaneous Vt. Two electrodes were inserted in the diaphragm to obtain the electromyogram (EMG).(More)
Dependency of oxygen consumption (VO2) on oxygen delivery (DO2) in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome and with congestive heart failure has been reported previously. We evaluated this relationship in 11 patients with pulmonary hypertension, 8 with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH), and 3 with pulmonary hypertension secondary to chronic(More)
We performed YAG laser photoresection in 11 patients with tracheal or mainstem bronchial obstruction due to malignant or benign disorders. We used maximal inspiratory-expiratory flow-volume loops and expiratory volume-time plots to assess air flow limitation. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow(More)
We present a few cases of Proximal Interruption of the Pulmonary Artery, an uncommon developmental anomaly associated with congenital heart disease. The cases had varied clinical presentations. Chest radiograph showed a hypoplastic lung with an ipsilateral small hilum on the side of the interruption and hyperinflation of the contralateral lung. Contrast CT(More)
In eight isolated dog lobes, we examined the change in extra-alveolar perimicrovascular hydrostatic pressure (Pis) due to lung inflation. The vasculature was filled with autologous plasma. Pulmonary arterial and venous lines were connected to a common plasma reservoir. Perimicrovascular volume change (delta Vis), compliance (Cis), and the microvascular(More)
Pulmonary vasodilators are variably efficacious in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). None has consistently improved hemodynamics enough to obviate the need for complex and potentially hazardous testing of several vasodilators. Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1), a potent, short-acting pulmonary vasodilator, was administered to seven patients with PPH in order to(More)
INTRODUCTION Varicella zoster virus is an exclusively human neurotrophic virus. The primary infection with the virus causes varicella. The virus remains latent in nervous tissue and upon secondary activation causes a variety of syndromes involving the central nervous system (CNS) including meningoencephalitis and cerebellitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS In(More)