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We have developed an in vitro model of adaptive cytoprotection induced by deoxycholate (DC) in human gastric cells and have shown that pretreatment with a low concentration of DC (mild irritant, 50 microM) significantly attenuates injury induced by a damaging concentration of DC (250 microM). This study was undertaken to assess the effect of the mild(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional therapy for refractory chylothorax in the pediatric population has included pleurodesis and thoracic duct ligation. These procedures are associated with high morbidity and questionable success rates. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed our experience with 15 patients who underwent treatment for chylous effusions using(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism(s) whereby epidermal growth factor (EGF) protects against cellular injury remains poorly understood. Previous data in our laboratory have suggested that EGF-induced cellular proliferation in human colonic carcinoma cells (Caco-2) may involve changes in intracellular calcium content ([Ca(2+)](i)). Our current objective was to(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism(s) whereby nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) attenuate colorectal tumor growth remains poorly understood. This study determined if NSAIDs decreased epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced proliferation in human colonic tumor (Caco-2) cells and whether this process involved the inhibition of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis. (More)
The mechanism(s) whereby ethanol induces cellular injury remains poorly understood. Furthermore, the role of calcium in gastric mucosal injury under in vitro conditions is poorly defined. The major objectives of this study were to (1) define the temporal relationship between intracellular calcium accumulation induced by ethanol and cellular injury, (2)(More)
A hypoxia chamber was constructed which allowed for the sequential sampling and blood gas analysis of buffer bathing cells in culture which were subjected to graded periods of hypoxia. Following hypoxia, the human fetal small intestinal cells (CCL-241) were placed into a normoxic environment for the remainder of a 24 h study period. A cytotoxicity assay(More)
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