Anita Weinberg

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This report defines a cell surface receptor (OX40) expressed on effector CD4 T cells, which when engaged in conjunction with a danger signal, rescues Ag-stimulated effector cells from activation-induced cell death in vivo. Specifically, three signals were necessary to promote optimal generation of long-lived CD4 T cell memory in vivo: Ag, a danger signal(More)
The cytokine B cell activation factor of the TNF family (BAFF) is considered to perform a proinflammatory function. This paradigm is particularly true for B cell-dependent immune responses; however the exact role for BAFF in regulating T cell immunity is ill-defined. To directly assess the effect of BAFF upon T cells, we analyzed T cell-dependent immune(More)
We have examined the hypothesis that TNF may play a pathogenetically important role in the hemolytic uremic syndrome. Specifically, we considered the possibility that shigatoxin, which eventuates this syndrome, might induce TNF biosynthesis, and/or that TNF and shigatoxin might sensitize animals, each to the toxic effects of the other agent. Shigatoxin was(More)
Accumulating evidence suggest that infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae is associated with atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Inflammation is important in the initial phase of atherogenesis, and cytokines are important in the initiation and progression of inflammation. The aim of this study was to assess the capacity of acellular(More)
In the context of islet transplantation, experimental models show that induction of islet intrinsic NF-κB-dependent proinflammatory genes can contribute to islet graft rejection. Isolation of human islets triggers activation of the NF-κB and mitogen-activated kinase (MAPK) stress response pathways. However, the downstream NF-κB target genes induced in(More)
Human islets are subjected to a number of stresses before and during their isolation that may influence their survival and engraftment after transplantation. Apoptosis is likely to be activated in response to these stresses. Apoptosis due to intrinsic stresses is regulated by pro- and antiapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family. While the role of the Bcl-2(More)
Cytomegalovirus infection, a common complication in immunosuppressed graft recipients, bears an adverse impact on graft survival. Cytomegalovirus enhances the expression of the monotypic determinants of the class I major histocompatibility complex molecule by the endothelium, possibly rendering the endothelial cells more immunogenic and prone to attack by(More)
We examined whether hypoxic exposure prior to the event of transplantation would have a positive or negative effect upon later islet graft function. Mouse islets exposed to hypoxic culture were transplanted into syngeneic recipients. Islet graft function, β-cell physiology, as well as molecular changes were examined. Expression of hypoxia-response genes in(More)