Anita Weinberg

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This report defines a cell surface receptor (OX40) expressed on effector CD4 T cells, which when engaged in conjunction with a danger signal, rescues Ag-stimulated effector cells from activation-induced cell death in vivo. Specifically, three signals were necessary to promote optimal generation of long-lived CD4 T cell memory in vivo: Ag, a danger signal(More)
We examined whether hypoxic exposure prior to the event of transplantation would have a positive or negative effect upon later islet graft function. Mouse islets exposed to hypoxic culture were transplanted into syngeneic recipients. Islet graft function, β-cell physiology, as well as molecular changes were examined. Expression of hypoxia-response genes in(More)
Human recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) modifies infection with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) in normal guinea pigs. Animals were injected sc with rIL-2 twice a day, beginning 24 hr before infection and continuing for three subsequent days. Guinea pigs were assigned to five different regimens in which rIL-2 was administered daily at dosages from 8 X(More)
The cytokine B cell activation factor of the TNF family (BAFF) is considered to perform a proinflammatory function. This paradigm is particularly true for B cell-dependent immune responses; however the exact role for BAFF in regulating T cell immunity is ill-defined. To directly assess the effect of BAFF upon T cells, we analyzed T cell-dependent immune(More)
The goal of our study was to determine whether recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) could modify the recurrence pattern of chronic herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) genital infection in guinea pigs. Animals that developed symptomatic acute HSV-2 infection were distributed at 14 days after viral inoculation into several treatment groups, which were similar(More)
We determined that recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2) administered in conjunction with herpes simplex virus (HSV) crude extract or recombinant glycoprotein D subunit vaccine enhances the protective effect of either antigen preparation against HSV type 2 genital infection in guinea pigs. Animals that received the vaccine accompanied by rIL-2 had an incidence(More)
In the context of islet transplantation, experimental models show that induction of islet intrinsic NF-κB-dependent proinflammatory genes can contribute to islet graft rejection. Isolation of human islets triggers activation of the NF-κB and mitogen-activated kinase (MAPK) stress response pathways. However, the downstream NF-κB target genes induced in(More)
Human islets are subjected to a number of stresses before and during their isolation that may influence their survival and engraftment after transplantation. Apoptosis is likely to be activated in response to these stresses. Apoptosis due to intrinsic stresses is regulated by pro- and antiapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family. While the role of the Bcl-2(More)
We have previously demonstrated that recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL 2) has a protective effect against acute HSV-2 infection in guinea pigs with a biphasic dose response which peaked between 4 and 20 X 10(4) U/kg, whereas 8 X 10(5) U/kg showed no effect on disease. Animals that escaped infection appeared lack immunologic memory to HSV-2, suggesting a(More)