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To define the molecular basis of alcohol drinking behaviors, the effects of voluntary ethanol intake on the expression of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaM kinase IV) and on the expression and phosphorylation of cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) [corrected] in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), central amygdala, and frontal cortex of(More)
This investigation examined the effects of chronic ethanol treatment (15 days) and its withdrawal (24 h) on the expression and phosphorylation of cyclic AMP-response element-binding (CREB) protein in the rat cortex. The effects of chronic ethanol treatment and withdrawal on protein kinase A (PKA) activity and on the expression of the regulatory RII-beta-(More)
Addiction to nicotine may result in molecular adaptations in the neurocircuitry of specific brain structures via changes in the cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB)-dependent gene transcription program. We therefore investigated the effects of chronic nicotine exposure and its withdrawal on CREB and phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB) protein(More)
UNLABELLED Lupeol is a triterpenoid, present in most of the medicinally effective plants and possess a wide range of biological activity against human diseases. The present study aims at evaluating the anticancer potentials of lupeol, isolated from the leaves of Elephantopus scaber L. and thereby explores its action on key cancer marker, Bcl-2. The effect(More)
Hypothyroidism is a growing medical concern. There are conflicting reports regarding the mechanism of oxidative stress in hypothyroidism. Mitochondrial oxidative stress is pivotal to thyroid dysfunction. The present study aimed to delineate the effects of hepatic inner mitochondrial membrane dysfunction as a consequence of 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil-induced(More)
Altered thyroid function during early stages of development is known to affect adversely testicular growth, physiology, and antioxidant defence status at adulthood. The objective of the present study is to investigate the modulation of antioxidant defence status in neonatal persistent hypothyroid rats before their sexual maturation and also to identify the(More)
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