Anita R. Maguire

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Nuts contain bioactive constituents that elicit cardio-protective effects including phytosterols, tocopherols and squalene. The objective of the present study was to determine the total oil content, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and levels of tocopherols, squalene and phytosterols in oil extracted from freshly ground brazil, pecan, pine, pistachio(More)
Potatoes, tomatoes, and aubergines are all species of the Solanum genus and contain a vast array of secondary metabolites including calystegine alkaloids, phenolic compounds, lectins, and glycoalkaloids. Glycoalkaloids have been the subject of many literature papers, occur widely in the human diet, and are known to induce toxicity. Therefore, from a food(More)
The unsaponifiable lipid fraction of plant-based foods is a potential source of bioactive components such as phytosterols, squalene, and tocopherols. The objective of the present study was to determine the levels of phytosterols, and squalene, as well as tocopherols (alpha and beta + gamma) in selected grains, seeds, and legumes. The method comprised acid(More)
Phytosterols contain an unsaturated ring structure and therefore are susceptible to oxidation under certain conditions. Whilst the cytotoxicity of the analogous cholesterol oxidation products (COP) has been well documented, the biological effects of phytosterol oxidation products (POP) have not yet been fully ascertained. The objective of the present study(More)
The substrate scope of three mutants of phenylalanine dehydrogenase as biocatalysts for the transformation of a series of 2-oxo acids, structurally related to phenylpyruvic acid, to the analogous alpha-amino acids, non-natural analogues of phenylalanine, has been investigated. The mutant enzymes are more tolerant than the wild type enzyme of the non-natural(More)
Phytosterols are plant sterols found in foods such as oils, nuts and vegetables. Phytosterols, in the same way as cholesterol, contain a double bond and are susceptible to oxidation. The objective of the present study was to assess the potential toxic effects of beta-sitosterol oxides on U937 cells. The effects of increasing concentrations (0-120 microm) of(More)
BACKGROUND Many computational chemistry analyses require the generation of conformers, either on-the-fly, or in advance. We present Confab, an open source command-line application for the systematic generation of low-energy conformers according to a diversity criterion. RESULTS Confab generates conformations using the 'torsion driving approach' which(More)
We report the screening of analogues of indomethacin to investigate the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of indomethacin-mediated multidrug resistance associated protein-1 (MRP-1) inhibition. By examining the activities of compounds with minor variations of the parent structure, we were able to separate MRP-1, glutathione-S-transferase (GST),(More)
This study examined the 1:1 cocrystal benzamide:dibenzyl sulfoxide, comprising the poorly water soluble dibenzyl sulfoxide (DBSO) and the more soluble benzamide (BA), to establish if this cocrystal shows advantages in terms of solubility and dissolution in comparison to its pure components and to a physical mixture. Solubility studies were performed by(More)
Wild-type phenylalanine dehydrogenase from Bacillus sphaericus, and three mutants N145A, N145V and N145L, are used with a coenzyme recycling system to synthesise L-phenylalanine and three non-natural amino acids (p-F-phenylalanine, p-MeO-phenylalanine and p-CF(3)-phenylalanine) on a millimole scale. A range of reaction conditions are investigated. The(More)