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The unsaponifiable lipid fraction of plant-based foods is a potential source of bioactive components such as phytosterols, squalene, and tocopherols. The objective of the present study was to determine the levels of phytosterols, and squalene, as well as tocopherols (alpha and beta + gamma) in selected grains, seeds, and legumes. The method comprised acid(More)
Potatoes, tomatoes, and aubergines are all species of the Solanum genus and contain a vast array of secondary metabolites including calystegine alkaloids, phenolic compounds, lectins, and glycoalkaloids. Glycoalkaloids have been the subject of many literature papers, occur widely in the human diet, and are known to induce toxicity. Therefore, from a food(More)
Phytosterols contain an unsaturated ring structure and therefore are susceptible to oxidation under certain conditions. Whilst the cytotoxicity of the analogous cholesterol oxidation products (COP) has been well documented, the biological effects of phytosterol oxidation products (POP) have not yet been fully ascertained. The objective of the present study(More)
Nuts contain bioactive constituents that elicit cardio-protective effects including phytosterols, tocopherols and squalene. The objective of the present study was to determine the total oil content, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and levels of tocopherols, squalene and phytosterols in oil extracted from freshly ground brazil, pecan, pine, pistachio(More)
We report the screening of analogues of indomethacin to investigate the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of indomethacin-mediated multidrug resistance associated protein-1 (MRP-1) inhibition. By examining the activities of compounds with minor variations of the parent structure, we were able to separate MRP-1, glutathione-S-transferase (GST),(More)
This study examined the 1:1 cocrystal benzamide:dibenzyl sulfoxide, comprising the poorly water soluble dibenzyl sulfoxide (DBSO) and the more soluble benzamide (BA), to establish if this cocrystal shows advantages in terms of solubility and dissolution in comparison to its pure components and to a physical mixture. Solubility studies were performed by(More)
Wild-type phenylalanine dehydrogenase from Bacillus sphaericus, and three mutants N145A, N145V and N145L, are used with a coenzyme recycling system to synthesise L-phenylalanine and three non-natural amino acids (p-F-phenylalanine, p-MeO-phenylalanine and p-CF(3)-phenylalanine) on a millimole scale. A range of reaction conditions are investigated. The(More)
p27(Kip1) (p27) binds and inhibits the cyclin E- or cyclin A-associated cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs)2 and other CDKs, and negatively regulates G1-G2 cell cycle progression. To develop specific CDK inhibitors, we have modeled the interaction between p27 and cyclin A-CDK2, and designed a novel compound that mimics p27 binding to cyclin A-CDK2. The(More)
This critical review, which is relevant to researchers in synthetic organic chemistry, focuses on asymmetric 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions with acrylamides. The use of chiral acrylamides as dipolarophiles leads to high levels of stereocontrol, due to conformational constraint in the acrylamides. Employment of chiral tertiary acrylamides containing nitrogen(More)
AIMS The potato glycoalkaloids, α-chaconine, α-solanine and solanidine, along with potato peel extracts were investigated for potential anti-inflammatory effects in vitro. Their potential to reduce two biomarkers of inflammation, cytokine and nitric oxide (NO) productions, were assessed in the stimulated Jurkat and macrophage models, respectively. MAIN(More)